Eggplant allergy symptoms vary according to the severity of the allergy, although any potential signs of an allergic reaction should be reported to a doctor for further medical evaluation. Mild symptoms of an allergy to eggplant might include slight itching of the mouth, throat or lips. More severe allergic symptoms might involve a potentially life-threatening condition known as anaphylaxis, in which facial swelling, throat tightening and difficulty breathing might develop. Some people, especially young children, might experience a skin rash merely from coming into contact with eggplant. Any questions or concerns about possible eggplant allergy symptoms on an individual basis should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Although an allergy to eggplant and other related foods containing chemicals known as salicylates is relatively uncommon, it is important for a person to take note of any potential signs of an allergic reaction and to seek medical help immediately. Most eggplant allergy symptoms are mild in nature and involve a tingling or itching feeling on the roof of the mouth. The lips or throat might feel scratchy or itchy as well in mild cases of an allergy to eggplant. These symptoms might be more common during local allergy seasons and correspond with allergies to other plants, such as ragweed.
Contact dermatitis is among the possible eggplant allergy symptoms and is most common among infants or young children. This condition typically causes a rash to appear on the area of the body that has come into contact with the skin. In some cases, a widespread rash might develop after the food has been consumed. Any unexplained rash involving babies and small children should be reported to a doctor immediately.
A condition known as anaphylaxis is the most severe form of an eggplant allergy. Symptoms might include rash; hives; and swelling of the face, lips and throat; as well as difficulty breathing. As the body becomes deprived of oxygen, a loss of consciousness might occur. These symptoms should be treated as a medical emergency, because death can occur within minutes if not treated right away. Supportive care in a hospital setting might become necessary until the patient becomes medically stable.
The treatment for mild eggplant allergy symptoms normally consists of the use of over-the-counter antihistamines to control mild itching and swelling. More severe symptoms require the assistance of trained medical staff members. People who have ever had a severe reaction to eggplant might need to carry a special medication at all times in the event of a recurrence.