We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are Different Types of Vaginal Diseases?

A.E. Freeman
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Common types of vaginal diseases include bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, as well as sexually transmitted diseases and vaginal cancer. Although the symptoms of vaginal diseases may be similar, the cause varies from case to case. Symptoms of disease include itching, unusual discharge, and pain in the area.

The most common of all vaginal diseases is bacterial vaginosis, or BV. When a woman has bacterial vaginosis, she has an overgrowth of harmful bacteria in the vaginal area. For some reason, having sexual intercourse and having more than one partner increases a woman's risk of getting bacterial vaginosis, even though it cannot be transmitted sexually. Though the disease does have some symptoms, including burning, itching, and unusual discharge, many women are completely symptom-free.

Having bacterial vaginosis puts a woman at greater risk for other diseases, including HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea and herpes. Pregnant women with BV are also at risk for complications, including a premature birth or a baby with a low birth weight.

The second most common of all vaginal diseases is a yeast infection. Tell-tale signs of a vaginal yeast infection include itching and a thick, white discharge. A woman should see her doctor before treating a yeast infection to make sure what she has is, in fact, caused by yeast and not a bacterial infection or sexually transmitted disease. Yeast infections are usually treated with an anti-fungal suppository or an oral medication.

Several vaginal diseases are transmitted sexually, including trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite. A woman who has more than one sexual partner is at greater risk of contracting trichomoniasis or any other STD. Condoms and abstinence can prevent the spread of STDs. Spermicide can also kill the parasite that causes trichomoniasis.

The symptoms for trichomoniasis include burning; a gray-yellow, bad smelling discharge; and pain while urinating or having sex. The symptoms may get worse when a woman has her period. A pregnant woman with trichomoniasis may deliver early and can pass the disease to the baby.

Other STDs that affect the vagina, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, have similar symptoms as bacterial vaginosis or yeast infections. A woman with gonorrhea or chlamydia may have more discharge than usual, pain when urinating, and pain in the lower abdomen. In some cases, a woman with chlamydia may have no symptoms at all. Both diseases increase a woman's risk of contracting HIV. She can also spread the diseases to her baby if pregnant.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
A.E. Freeman
By A.E. Freeman
Amy Freeman, a freelance copywriter and content creator, makes engaging copy that drives customer acquisition and retention. With a background in the arts, she combines her writing prowess with best practices to deliver compelling content across various domains and effectively connect with target audiences.
Discussion Comments
By rugbygirl — On Jan 12, 2012

@dfoster85 - What a sad story about your friend. It really goes to show that teenagers need a supportive environment and we as a country need to take care of our most vulnerable.

I only found out that I had bacterial vaginosis through routine testing during my pregnancy. If I hadn't been pregnant, it wouldn't have been a big deal I don't think, but my doctor said I needed to treat right away or I would be at risk of miscarriage or preterm labor. I didn't have any unusual vaginal discharge or other symptoms, so I would never have known if they didn't swab me.

Except for HIV, everything they mention above is curable (and HIV is treatable). There's just no excuse for sticking your head in the sand and not taking care of yourself. Find out what's wrong! And see your doctor regularly even if you don't have symptoms.

By dfoster85 — On Jan 12, 2012

I like how this article made a point of mentioning the potential impact on pregnant women. When I was in high school, I had a friend who didn't tell her parents she was pregnant and so she didn't get any prenatal care. She showed up at the hospital in advanced labor and delivered vaginally.

It turns out that she had chlamydia. Her baby was born very small - just over five pounds - and the poor thing had the worst case of pink eye I've ever seen. But she was *lucky,* the doctors told her. Her baby was only in the hospital for a few extra days and last I heard (we lost touch) had caught up and was looking healthy. Had they been less lucky, baby could have been blind, deaf - or stillborn.

Not all STDs cause vaginal discomfort or other symptoms. *All* pregnant women should be tested! Sure, you may know your own history and *think* you know his, but are you really going to jeopardize your baby's life and health over a blood draw and a quick swab?

A.E. Freeman
A.E. Freeman
Amy Freeman, a freelance copywriter and content creator, makes engaging copy that drives customer acquisition and...
Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.