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What are Preclinical Studies?

Preclinical studies are a critical phase in medical research, where scientists test new treatments or drugs on non-human subjects to assess safety and efficacy. These studies lay the groundwork for clinical trials, ensuring potential therapies are ready for human testing. Intrigued by how these studies shape the future of medicine? Discover the fascinating journey from lab bench to patient bedside.
Haven Esme
Haven Esme

Preclinical studies go by many names, such as nonclinical studies and preclinical development. This type of study is used to define a stage of research that happens before clinical trials or testing on humans can actually start. It has one main goal: to evaluate the safety of a new product.

There are many products that undergo preclinical studies. Some of the most common products to undergo this type of study include drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, and gene therapy solutions. It is important to note that drugs also go through many other testing devices when undergoing preclinical research.

Preclinical studies may conduct tests on guinea pigs.
Preclinical studies may conduct tests on guinea pigs.

The information obtained from interpreting data in a preclinical study is incredibly valuable. These studies keep hazardous and toxic products from entering the environment and the local community. Through the studies, researchers have been able to speed up drug discoveries and streamline the drug development process. This is especially important for advancing medical technology.

Many research institutions that conduct preclinical studies are adopting policies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical trials.
Many research institutions that conduct preclinical studies are adopting policies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical trials.

Most preclinical studies involve the use of animals, including mice, chicken, monkeys, and guinea pigs. Researchers test the products on the animals and then observe the effects on the animals' health. Products only pass the studies if they do not affect the animal in a dangerous manner. If a product does not have any dangerous or observable effect on the animals, then testing on humans is often approved.

In some cases, drug discovery is the results of a preclinical study.
In some cases, drug discovery is the results of a preclinical study.

In addition to understanding the safety of a product, the studies are often used for general research and education as well. Universities, pharmaceutical companies, and research facilities often use preclinical studies to gather scientific and biomedical research. Preclinical studies have evolved over the years. Many research institutions that conduct the studies are adopting policies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical trials.

The information obtained from interpreting data in a preclinical study is incredibly valuable.
The information obtained from interpreting data in a preclinical study is incredibly valuable.

In some cases, drug discovery is the results of a preclinical study. For example, vaccines are often created by first undergoing such a study. Without the studies, many lifesaving drugs and procedures would not exist today. The studies have resulted in many breakthroughs in medicine and science. It is estimated that millions of lives have been saved through preclinical studies.

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    • Preclinical studies may conduct tests on guinea pigs.
      By: mariesacha
      Preclinical studies may conduct tests on guinea pigs.
    • Many research institutions that conduct preclinical studies are adopting policies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical trials.
      By: Syda Productions
      Many research institutions that conduct preclinical studies are adopting policies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical trials.
    • In some cases, drug discovery is the results of a preclinical study.
      By: Vasiliy Koval
      In some cases, drug discovery is the results of a preclinical study.
    • The information obtained from interpreting data in a preclinical study is incredibly valuable.
      By: Minerva Studio
      The information obtained from interpreting data in a preclinical study is incredibly valuable.
    • Before drugs can be sold and marketed in the U.S., they must undergo several safety and efficacy tests -- typically on animals and humans -- called clinical trials.
      By: nikesidoroff
      Before drugs can be sold and marketed in the U.S., they must undergo several safety and efficacy tests -- typically on animals and humans -- called clinical trials.
    • Preclinical studies typically occur before human testing can be completed.
      By: WavebreakMediaMicro
      Preclinical studies typically occur before human testing can be completed.