What Are Temporal Lobe Tumors?

Meshell Powell
Meshell Powell
Abnormal masses in the temporal lobe might be benign or malignant.
Abnormal masses in the temporal lobe might be benign or malignant.

Temporal lobe tumors are abnormal masses that develop in the temporal lobe of the brain and may or not be cancerous. The temporal lobe is responsible for functions such as speech, memory, and emotion. Some of the most common symptoms of these tumors include seizures, headaches, and difficulty speaking or understanding the spoken word. Treatment depends on the exact size and location of the tumor as well as the overall health of the patient and may include surgical removal, chemotherapy, or radiation. Questions or concerns regarding temporal lobe tumors should be discussed with a primary care physician or neurologist.

Tumors in the temporal lobe part of the brain may or may not be cancerous.
Tumors in the temporal lobe part of the brain may or may not be cancerous.

The temporal lobe is found in the lower region of the brain, and tumors found in this location may cause changes affecting emotional regulation, memory, or the ability to verbally communicate. Frequent or unusual headaches are often the first indicators of these tumors. Some people may start having seizures or lapses in memory. These memory lapses may develop slowly and begin with trouble finding a word during a conversation. In severe cases, complete amnesia may develop.

Speech problems are common with temporal lobe tumors.
Speech problems are common with temporal lobe tumors.

Speech problems are frequently caused by this condition. The affected person may forget the meaning of certain words or may understand the words but have trouble actually speaking. Severe temporal lobe damage may cause a complete inability to communicate verbally. Additional symptoms of temporal lobe tumors may include nausea, vomiting, and mood swings. Personality changes are common, and the patient may become irritable or combative due to confusion concerning the various changes associated with the tumor.

The presence of a temporal lobe tumor may cause mood swings and personality changes.
The presence of a temporal lobe tumor may cause mood swings and personality changes.

Treatment for these tumors depends on a number of factors, including the size and location of the tumor and whether it is cancerous. A small sample of the tumor may be surgically removed in order to determine if cancer cells are present, although when surgery is an option, the entire tumor is removed whenever possible. If the tumor is completely evacuated and determined to be benign, or non-cancerous, no further treatment is usually necessary.

Temporal lobe tumors can be diagnosed through MRI scans and other brain imaging.
Temporal lobe tumors can be diagnosed through MRI scans and other brain imaging.

Tumors that are inoperable or determined to be malignant may require additional treatment methods. Chemotherapy involves the use of medications containing strong chemicals and is designed to kill cancer cells and slow the progression of the disease. Radiation therapy serves a similar purpose but uses radioactive materials instead of chemicals. More aggressive tumors may be treated with a combination of radiation and chemotherapy. The supervising physician can work with the patient to create an individualized treatment plan based on individual needs and preferences.

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    • Abnormal masses in the temporal lobe might be benign or malignant.
      By: Alila Medical Media
      Abnormal masses in the temporal lobe might be benign or malignant.
    • Tumors in the temporal lobe part of the brain may or may not be cancerous.
      By: fiore26
      Tumors in the temporal lobe part of the brain may or may not be cancerous.
    • Speech problems are common with temporal lobe tumors.
      By: Tryfonov
      Speech problems are common with temporal lobe tumors.
    • The presence of a temporal lobe tumor may cause mood swings and personality changes.
      By: Creativa
      The presence of a temporal lobe tumor may cause mood swings and personality changes.
    • Temporal lobe tumors can be diagnosed through MRI scans and other brain imaging.
      By: Mikhail Basov
      Temporal lobe tumors can be diagnosed through MRI scans and other brain imaging.
    • A temporal lobe tumor may cause a patient to experience complete amnesia.
      By: chuugo
      A temporal lobe tumor may cause a patient to experience complete amnesia.
    • Frequent or unusual headaches may be the first sign of a temporal lobe tumor.
      By: MediablitzImages
      Frequent or unusual headaches may be the first sign of a temporal lobe tumor.
    • Temporal lobe tumors may be to treat temporal lobe tumors.
      By: nebari
      Temporal lobe tumors may be to treat temporal lobe tumors.
    • Temporal lobe tumors may cause nausea and vomiting.
      By: Piotr Marcinski
      Temporal lobe tumors may cause nausea and vomiting.