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Many people choose to treat their calluses at home, and there are plenty of ways to do so. On the other hand, for those who either have a severe issue, or who do not want to attempt home callus treatment, callus treatment by a doctor is available. Though most calluses often go away within a few weeks of treatment, some return in the same spot as before, and callus surgery may be the only way to eliminate a stubborn bump for good.
The first step in getting callus surgery is getting a diagnosis from a doctor, who may decide that surgical techniques are not necessary. If the callus is mild, the doctor will likely suggest getting better sole support, or wearing gloves during some activities if the bump is on the hand. For more moderate cases that cause pain, callus creams, files, and specially formulated pads can be recommended. Calluses that become infected or that continually return after being treated will likely need surgery. The procedure will normally be preformed by a foot specialist, or podiatrist.
One type of surgery is known for being the simplest, and is used when there is a burning sensation along the toes. Such patients usually develop calluses because the small bones in their feet, or metatarsals, are strained and are causing the tips of the toes to point down. Releasing the pressure can cause them to point upward, which should straighten out over time. This may not directly get rid of the callus, but it can eliminate the problem that causes it, and the bump should go away on its own. Some doctors, however, may opt to cut out the callus when they perform this type of surgery just to offer immediate relief to the patient.
For patients with very severe cases, in which their small foot bones are particularly depressed, there is a more serious operation. It requires the doctor to make a tiny cut into the metatarsal bone, which can allow it more movement. This takes some pressure off the ball of the affected foot, which could help prevent calluses from growing in the first place, since the toes will no longer be at an odd angle. Patients are usually told to put on their regular shoes and walk around to help them heal, and should be free of any discomfort within weeks.
Callus surgery is considered a rare treatment, and the types are limited to the main two described here. The majority of those suffering from callus pain do not need surgery to eliminate the issue, as there are many at-home treatments available. Most doctors who do perform callus surgery do not just remove the callus since they want to correct the underlying issue, which is why the surgery usually involves the metatarsals.