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What are the Different Types of Digestive System Diseases?

Digestive system diseases range from common conditions like acid reflux to complex illnesses such as Crohn's disease. They can affect any part of your gastrointestinal tract, disrupting your body's ability to process and absorb nutrients. From inflammation to infections, each ailment requires specific attention. Wondering how these conditions might impact your health? Let's explore their signs, causes, and treatments together.
Meshell Powell
Meshell Powell

There are various types of digestive system diseases, many of them having similar symptoms. Some of the more common types of digestive system diseases include gastroesophageal reflux disease, Crohn's disease, and gastritis. Irritable bowel syndrome and stomach cancer are also common. As some of the symptoms of these conditions are similar, it is important for the patient to see a doctor in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, also referred to as GERD, is one of the more common digestive system diseases. This disease occurs when stomach acid or bile flows backward into the esophagus. Some of the more typical GERD symptoms include acid reflux, heartburn, and a dry cough. This condition can often be managed successfully with dietary changes and over-the-counter medications. In the more severe cases, prescription medications or surgical intervention may be considered as possible treatment options.

Discomfort and pain are a direct symptom of gastritis.
Discomfort and pain are a direct symptom of gastritis.

Crohn's disease is also among the most commonly diagnosed digestive system diseases. This type of disease causes inflammation and irritation to the digestive tract. Symptoms of Crohn's disease may include lower right abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. Some patients with this disease may experience skin problems, fever, or unintentional weight loss. Treatment for this disease may include nutritional supplements, prescription medications, or surgical intervention.

There are many organs in the digestive system, and each one needs to be in good working order to avoid digestive problems.
There are many organs in the digestive system, and each one needs to be in good working order to avoid digestive problems.

Gastritis is another one of the more frequently diagnosed digestive system diseases. This type of disease is characterized by inflammation or erosion of the lining of the stomach. Symptoms may include nausea, indigestion, or abdominal pain. Black, tarry stools, or vomit that resembles coffee grounds is also typical among those who suffer from gastritis. Treatment may consist of over-the-counter or prescription medications, dietary changes, or vitamin B-12 injections.

People over the age of 60 have a higher risk of developing gastric cancer than younger people.
People over the age of 60 have a higher risk of developing gastric cancer than younger people.

Irritable bowel syndrome is also considered to be among the more commonly diagnosed digestive system diseases. This disease primarily affects the large intestine and may cause intermittent bouts of constipation and diarrhea. Other possible symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome include abdominal pain, bloating, and pressure caused by intestinal gas. Treatment often includes dietary changes along with the use of over-the-counter or prescription medications.

Types of digestive system diseases may include irritable bowel syndrome.
Types of digestive system diseases may include irritable bowel syndrome.

Stomach cancer is one of the more rare digestive system diseases. Symptoms of stomach cancer may include nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain or discomfort. Stomach cancer treatment depends on the stage of the disease and may include surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation treatments. Any questions or concerns about symptoms that may indicate a disease of the digestive system should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.

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    • Discomfort and pain are a direct symptom of gastritis.
      By: PictureP.
      Discomfort and pain are a direct symptom of gastritis.
    • There are many organs in the digestive system, and each one needs to be in good working order to avoid digestive problems.
      By: snapgalleria
      There are many organs in the digestive system, and each one needs to be in good working order to avoid digestive problems.
    • People over the age of 60 have a higher risk of developing gastric cancer than younger people.
      By: psdesign1
      People over the age of 60 have a higher risk of developing gastric cancer than younger people.
    • Types of digestive system diseases may include irritable bowel syndrome.
      By: nebari
      Types of digestive system diseases may include irritable bowel syndrome.
    • Illnesses such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis can lead to malnutrition in a number of ways.
      By: ancroft
      Illnesses such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis can lead to malnutrition in a number of ways.
    • Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common digestive system disease.
      By: bruno135_406
      Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common digestive system disease.
    • Doctors often consult with colleagues when faced with cases of rare diseases, such as stomach cancer.
      By: Andres Rodriguez
      Doctors often consult with colleagues when faced with cases of rare diseases, such as stomach cancer.
    • Acid reflux disease may cause simultaneous stomach and back pain.
      By: Andrey Burmakin
      Acid reflux disease may cause simultaneous stomach and back pain.