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What are the Different Types of Digestive System Diseases?

By Meshell Powell
Updated Mar 03, 2024
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There are various types of digestive system diseases, many of them having similar symptoms. Some of the more common types of digestive system diseases include gastroesophageal reflux disease, Crohn's disease, and gastritis. Irritable bowel syndrome and stomach cancer are also common. As some of the symptoms of these conditions are similar, it is important for the patient to see a doctor in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, also referred to as GERD, is one of the more common digestive system diseases. This disease occurs when stomach acid or bile flows backward into the esophagus. Some of the more typical GERD symptoms include acid reflux, heartburn, and a dry cough. This condition can often be managed successfully with dietary changes and over-the-counter medications. In the more severe cases, prescription medications or surgical intervention may be considered as possible treatment options.

Crohn's disease is also among the most commonly diagnosed digestive system diseases. This type of disease causes inflammation and irritation to the digestive tract. Symptoms of Crohn's disease may include lower right abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. Some patients with this disease may experience skin problems, fever, or unintentional weight loss. Treatment for this disease may include nutritional supplements, prescription medications, or surgical intervention.

Gastritis is another one of the more frequently diagnosed digestive system diseases. This type of disease is characterized by inflammation or erosion of the lining of the stomach. Symptoms may include nausea, indigestion, or abdominal pain. Black, tarry stools, or vomit that resembles coffee grounds is also typical among those who suffer from gastritis. Treatment may consist of over-the-counter or prescription medications, dietary changes, or vitamin B-12 injections.

Irritable bowel syndrome is also considered to be among the more commonly diagnosed digestive system diseases. This disease primarily affects the large intestine and may cause intermittent bouts of constipation and diarrhea. Other possible symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome include abdominal pain, bloating, and pressure caused by intestinal gas. Treatment often includes dietary changes along with the use of over-the-counter or prescription medications.

Stomach cancer is one of the more rare digestive system diseases. Symptoms of stomach cancer may include nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain or discomfort. Stomach cancer treatment depends on the stage of the disease and may include surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation treatments. Any questions or concerns about symptoms that may indicate a disease of the digestive system should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.

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