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What Are the Different Types of Mouth Diseases?

By Kaiser Castro
Updated Mar 03, 2024
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Oral ailments can occur to anyone no matter the gender, race, or age. Individuals who are negligent about their oral health tend to have a higher risk of a disease taking over. The more common type of mouth diseases tends to be gingivitis, periodontitis, and oral cancer.

Gingivitis is noted to be one of the more common types of oral ailments. The disease manifests itself in gums that are tender, slightly inflamed, and have the tendency to bleed excessively. Causes of gingivitis are usually connected with poor hygiene, and improper or inadequate use of a toothbrush and floss. Most cases of this disease can be alleviated with prescribed fluoride toothpaste.

Many mouth diseases tend to get worse if not caught and treated in a timely matter. This will require a person to assess the health of his or her teeth and gums on a normal basis. For example, gingivitis that has gone untreated for a long period of time will potentially advance to periodontitis. Periodontitis occurs when there is excessive rotting of the gums and there is an extreme deterioration and recession of the gum line. A chronic case of periodontitis will destroy the overall integrity of the jaw structure, which can potentially cause long-term damage that will require medical help.

Most of these mouth diseases can be relieved by brushing the teeth at least twice a day. The key is to be proactive and assume a preventative approach when it comes to oral health. In conjunction with teeth brushing, most professionals will also recommend diligent flossing and the use of a mouthwash on a daily basis. If there is any suspicious bleeding or any adverse effects are being noted, then make sure to consult the help of a medical professional immediately.

As noted, these mouth diseases can be alleviated with proper oral health. Some diseases are more chronic, like oral cancer. Throat cancer can also be a bit more evasive, sometimes manifesting itself in the larynx, throat, and cheeks, which are areas that a person may overlook when they are assessing the health of his or her mouth.

Oral cancer is noted to manifest itself as bleeding of the oral area, a cough that does not dissipate over time, patchiness around the throat and mouth area, and rigidity of the throat as the cells mutate and coagulate together. Anyone has the chance of developing oral cancer. Individuals who drink and smoke tobacco tend to have a higher risk of these mouth diseases.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
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