We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Are the Medical Uses of Ocimum Gratissimum?

Dan Harkins
By
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Basil is not just a kitchen-friendly herb used in numerous culinary creations. One variety, called Ocimum gratissimum, which hails from Africa and grows throughout Hawaii and other tropical regions, also has reputed health benefits. Widely known as clove basil or African basil, this plant is used by herbalists to treat a variety of maladies, from bacterial infections and diabetes to pain and liver damage.

Several studies have confirmed the efficacy of Ocimum gratissimum in treating various conditions after it is condensed into an essential oil. This is largely credited to the plant's high concentrations of a phenylpropene compound called eugenol. Other plants that contain this chemical agent are cloves of the Syzygium aromaticum species as well as cinnamon; nutmeg; star anise; dill; sweet basil, or Ocimum basilicum; and holy basil, or Ocimum tenuiflorum.

The antibacterial qualities of Ocimum gratissimum are perhaps the most studied and verified. Several studies have been performed that lend credence to herbalist use of this plant for treating diahrrea and other gastrointestinal infections. One joint study in 1999 by the universities of the West Indies and Nigeria found that the leaf extract provided relief from diarrhea in lab rats and guinea pigs. Another study, published in 2002 by the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, found that the essential oil relaxed the small intestine in lab rats, furthering claims that the plant is beneficial in relieving gastrointestinal ailments.

Studies suggest that Ocimum gratissimum effectively combats several types of invasive bacteria. These range from shigella and salmonella to escherichia and proteus strains. The oils of the plant also were effective in fighting strains of E. coli, dysentery and typhoid. Some research also confirms that clove basil is effective in treating various veterinary problems, from killing worms in goats to increasing libido in lab mice. Some even use the oil as an aromatic, yet deadly, mosquito repellant.

Other uses of Ocimum gratissimum are still being studied in 2011, particularly the use of the essential oil as an analgesic, or pain reliever. Though the plant is not used alone in providing this relief, it has shown success when administered in unison with other proven antibacterial and anti-inflammatory herbal agents from Africa. These include plants like Gongronema latifolium, which, in Ghana, is called nsurogya, or "does not fear fire" as well as Vernonia amygdalina, which is widely known as bitter leaf.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Dan Harkins
By Dan Harkins
Dan Harkins, a former military professional, brings his diverse life experiences to his writing. After earning his journalism degree, he spent more than two decades honing his craft as a writer and editor for various publications. Dan’s debut novel showcases his storytelling skills and unique perspective by drawing readers into the story’s captivating narrative.
Discussion Comments
Dan Harkins
Dan Harkins
Dan Harkins, a former military professional, brings his diverse life experiences to his writing. After earning his...
Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.