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An enlarged bladder is a rather common medical condition that can have a variety of causes. In some cases, the patient is born with a bladder that is enlarged or a medical condition that increases the chances of developing an enlarged bladder later in life. Diabetes and obesity have been linked to the enlargement of the bladder. Structural problems such as a urinary blockage or abnormal bladder contractions can also cause the bladder to become enlarged. Any questions or concerns about this condition or individualized treatment options should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Although relatively uncommon, babies are sometimes born with an enlarged bladder. While this does not always lead to negative health issues, further testing is usually done to make sure there are no urinary obstructions or other health conditions that need to be addressed. Developmental abnormalities affecting any portion of the urinary system can cause the bladder to be larger than normal. Even if no noticeable contributing factors are present, the child may be closely monitored for the first several years of life just to make sure that the urinary system is functioning normally.
Diabetes and obesity have been closely linked to the development of an enlarged bladder. While either of these conditions alone can cause the bladder to stretch and become larger than usual, the two conditions combined greatly increases these risks. Maintaining a healthy weight and properly maintaining blood sugar levels can help to prevent this problem from occurring. Diabetic patients should make sure to keep all regularly scheduled appointments with a doctor and follow all recommendations closely in order to avoid potentially serious health complications, especially if weight is a concern.
Urinary obstructions can lead to an enlarged bladder, although this usually occurs over a period of time. Kidney stones and tumors are the leading causes of a urinary obstruction. If detected in the earliest stages, prompt treatment of the obstruction may prevent abnormal bladder growth. In some cases, the bladder may not fully contract, causing the bladder to become larger due to incomplete emptying.
Neurological problems, such as are common with medical conditions like paralysis or multiple sclerosis, are prone to leading to an enlargement of the bladder. Urinary incontinence is common when there has been any type of neurological damage. An inability to consciously empty the bladder on a regular basis causes the bladder to stretch and become enlarged.