The vitreous humor, which is clear gel that fills the eye, may need to be removed in order to get rid of debris that can cloud your vision. This is typically done through a vitrectomy, which is a minor surgery that can usually be performed on an outpatient basis. You can expect to need to protect the eye for about a week after surgery, and should also avoid strenuous activity during recovery. Your doctor should give you antibiotic drops to take, and can also add pain relievers to your routine to ease any discomfort as you heal. It is helpful to be aware of the possible complications that may occur during vitrectomy recovery, including eye redness, reduced vision, and discharge.
You will likely be given an eye patch to wear home in order to protect the eye directly after surgery. This can typically be removed within a day, and is often replaced by a plastic shield that can keep you from rubbing the eye or bumping it on anything. It is often a good idea to wear it while you take a shower for the first three days of vitrectomy recovery, and also while sleeping for the first week. During this time, you should avoid lifting heavy objects or doing any activities that strain the body. In fact, relaxation is often recommended for the first few days after surgery.
Most doctors give patients antibiotic eye drops to prevent infection from occurring, so be vigilant about using these as often as advised. Some doctors also offer anti-inflammatory drops, and can recommend a pain reliever so that you can stay comfortable during vitrectomy recovery. If over-the-counter pain relievers do not seem to help much, you can use cold compresses to reduce discomfort, as well.
While some discomfort is to be expected during vitrectomy recovery, severe pain is not, especially if it seems to be increasing as time goes on. If typical pain relievers and cold compresses do not seem to help, it is a good idea to contact your doctor. Redness, swelling, and discharge can also be signs that there is an issue, such as an infection. In addition, some patients notice reduced vision, or at least excessive floaters and flashes of light, none of which is considered normal for vitrectomy recovery. Therefore, you are advised to visit your doctor as soon as possible after noticing such symptoms, as early treatment may prevent long-term problems.