We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Causes Throat Inflammation?

By Madeleine A.
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Throat inflammation can be caused by a throat infection such as strep throat, allergies, and postnasal drip. In addition, pharyngitis, an inflammation of the pharynx, can cause also cause throat inflammation. Typically, throat inflammation is temporary, however, certain conditions such as a seasonal allergy can contribute to chronic throat inflammation. Acid reflux can also cause inflammation of the throat because stomach acid is highly irritating to the sensitive tissues in the throat.

Before treatment can begin for throat inflammation, the cause needs to be determined. When a bacteria infection is present, antibiotics are typically the treatment of choice. For example, strep throat is caused by a bacteria and usually requires antibiotic treatment. After the entire course of antibiotics have been consumed, throat inflammation typically subsides. When strep is the offending organism, patients need to make sure they have finished all their medication to prevent rheumatic fever, a strep complication.

When post nasal drip causes throat inflammation, antihistamines can be helpful in stopping mucus from dripping down the throat. Antihistamines, however, cause dry mouth, drowsiness, and urinary retention. They should only be used on a temporary basis, and never in combination with other medications unless approved by the physician. In addition, anti-inflammatory medications are frequently recommended for inflammation of the throat to help with swelling and to relieve pain.

Certain allergic reactions can cause throat inflammation. Rarely, these allergic reactions can cause a life-threatening condition in which the throat closes up completely. This is sometimes seen in those who have peanut allergies or those who allergic to shellfish. In these patients, emergency treatment is warranted to reduce the risk of a respiratory arrest. People who have life-threatening allergies sometimes carry medication that can help reduce allergic risks when taken at the first sign of a reaction.

Keeping the throat moist with non-caffeinated beverages can help reduce inflammation and irritation. Tea with honey and nectars are good choices, as is plain water. Caffeinated beverages can cause mild dehydration, dry up throat tissues and contribute to pain and swelling of the throat. Dissolving a throat lozenge, cough drop, or a piece of hard candy can soothe an irritated, inflamed throat and minimize the risk of difficulty swallowing.

Other than pain and difficulty swallowing, an inflamed throat frequently has other characteristics. These include a deep red color, and sometimes red or white spots. The white spots are typically caused by a bacterial infection and the accumulation of pus and other debris that gets trapped in the tonsils. In addition, tonsillitis or inflammation of the tonsils is often present. Although home and natural remedies can help, a health care provider needs to evaluate an inflamed throat to determine an appropriate treatment plan.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.