Health
Fact-checked

At TheHealthBoard, we're committed to delivering accurate, trustworthy information. Our expert-authored content is rigorously fact-checked and sourced from credible authorities. Discover how we uphold the highest standards in providing you with reliable knowledge.

Learn more...

What is a Sleep Scale?

A sleep scale is a tool designed to measure the quality and patterns of your slumber, often through a series of visual charts and graphs. It helps identify sleep issues and track progress over time. By understanding your sleep scale results, you can take steps towards more restful nights. Ready to unlock the secrets to better sleep? Keep reading.
Stacy Ruble
Stacy Ruble

There are different types of sleep scales used. One type of sleep scale rates a person’s average level of sleepiness in day-to-day life. Another type of sleep scale addresses daytime sleepiness, but also the individual’s ability to fall asleep and stay asleep, among other factors. A third class of sleep scale is disease specific, such as those developed for Parkinson’s patients. An additional type of sleep scale is age specific, for instance, a scale developed for children.

The Stanford Sleepiness Scale and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale both were designed to measure daytime sleepiness. The scales are short and the responses to the items are self-reported. The Stanford scale examines a person’s level of alertness at different times throughout the day. It can be useful to identify people’s circadian rhythms, including what their peak alertness hours are. The Epworth scale provides a list of daily activities and asks participants to rate the likelihood of their falling asleep during these activities.

A sleep scale may address a person's ability to fall asleep and stay asleep.
A sleep scale may address a person's ability to fall asleep and stay asleep.

Neither the Stanford nor Epworth scales attempt to determine what the causes of sleepiness are in patients. One sleep scale that does attempt to find the cause is the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Sleep Scale. The MOS scale addresses daytime sleepiness. It also examines a person's ability to stay and fall asleep, how often he sleeps and for how long, if the sleep he is attaining is adequate for his lifestyle, and any existing respiratory factors that may affect sleep such as sleep apnea.

A person's ability to fall and stay asleep are measured in the sleep scale.
A person's ability to fall and stay asleep are measured in the sleep scale.

Insomnia and hypersomnia are both common complaints of people with Parkinson's disease. The Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS) is a bedside visual screening tool used to identify nighttime causes for poor sleeping. The Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's Disease (SCOPA-Sleep) is a self-report instrument used to assess nighttime sleep and daytime sleepiness. Other scales have been developed for persons with mental health issues or narcolepsy or who are using different types of sleep-promoting medications.

Someone who still feels sleepy after several days of plentiful sleep may have an underlying disorder.
Someone who still feels sleepy after several days of plentiful sleep may have an underlying disorder.

People of different ages will have varying daily activities and different factors that may influence their ability to sleep or daytime sleepiness. The Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale focuses on middle and high school-aged children. It asks eight questions that assessing how often sleepiness impacts the children during a routine day. There are also scales that use pictures for younger children to self-report their levels of sleepiness.

You might also Like

Discuss this Article

Post your comments
Login:
Forgot password?
Register:
    • A sleep scale may address a person's ability to fall asleep and stay asleep.
      By: Igor Mojzes
      A sleep scale may address a person's ability to fall asleep and stay asleep.
    • A person's ability to fall and stay asleep are measured in the sleep scale.
      By: lightpoet
      A person's ability to fall and stay asleep are measured in the sleep scale.
    • Someone who still feels sleepy after several days of plentiful sleep may have an underlying disorder.
      By: WavebreakmediaMicro
      Someone who still feels sleepy after several days of plentiful sleep may have an underlying disorder.
    • A unique sleep scale has been developed for individuals suffering from narcolepsy.
      By: Klaus Eppele
      A unique sleep scale has been developed for individuals suffering from narcolepsy.