We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Chronic Epstein-Barr?

Laura M. Sands
By
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is part of the herpes family of viruses and also causes infectious mononucleosis. It is a common virus, which usually infects individuals during childhood, but remains dormant in the body for the rest of a person’s life. Although it usually does not present recurrent symptoms, it is known as chronic Epstein-Barr because it is long lasting. It is also referred as chronic EBV when measurable symptoms last for six months or longer.

Chronic Epstein-Barr virus is transmitted through saliva, which is why the infectious mononucleosis it causes is commonly referred to as the kissing disease. It has been estimated that as many as 90 percent of the entire world population has been infected with Epstein-Barr virus. Most people who contract the virus only experience symptoms during the initial infection and, though it remains latent in the body for life, most do not experience symptoms ever again. Some people, however, do experience periodic mild symptoms of EBV after the initial infection. Still, some people are asymptomatic and never experience symptoms at all.

A few of the symptoms of chronic Epstein-Barr include swollen lymph nodes in the neck, groin or armpit areas, extreme fatigue, sore throat, swollen eyes, achy muscles, chills and fever. When these symptoms are present, a person is diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis, which is highly contagious. Some people also develop EBV complications, such as a skin rash, and may even experience an infection in the liver or a swollen spleen. Infectious mononucleosis symptoms usually last between one and two months, but can last as many as six months before returning to dormancy as chronic Epstein-Barr virus.

Viruses such as EBV do not respond to antibiotics, so non-specific treatment is limited to drinking fluids and bed rest during a symptomatic phase. If pain or fever is present, common medications sold over the counter may be used to relieve these symptoms, but there is not much else that can be done for a person suffering from chronic Epstein-Barr. If a throat infection or liver infection develops, however, doctors will target these with antibiotics.

Infectious mononucleosis from chronic Epstein-Barr virus occurs more frequently in developed countries than it does in underdeveloped ones. Researchers believe this is because children in crowded, underdeveloped countries come in contact with EBV at an earlier age and, therefore, develop a resistance to the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis that teenagers and young adults are often afflicted with later in life. Chronic Epstein-Barr is not usually life threatening, although a swollen spleen that ruptures or a liver infection may result in death.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Laura M. Sands
By Laura M. Sands
Laura Sands, the founder of a publishing company, brings her passion for writing and her expertise in digital publishing to her work. With a background in social sciences and extensive online work experience, she crafts compelling copy and content across various platforms. Her ability to understand and connect with target audiences makes her a skilled contributor to any content creation team.
Discussion Comments
Laura M. Sands
Laura M. Sands
Laura Sands, the founder of a publishing company, brings her passion for writing and her expertise in digital publishing...
Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.