We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is Late Childhood Development?

Dan Harkins
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Parents, physicians and educators try to stay abreast of the key milestones children should be hitting as they reach different ages. From the age of eight until about 11, just before puberty sets it, children undergo the physical and emotional changes of late childhood development. According to experts, this means they are start thinking in a slightly less self-centered way, become more goal-oriented, and establish closer friendships with peers — though parents are likely to still be the central emotional ties. By this age, children also are expected to begin a new growth spurt leading into their teenage years, during which they may have a hard time staying in one place for too long.

According to The Ohio State University Extension, late childhood development marks the end of the slow growth period between kindergarten and about third grade — emotionally, physically and intellectually. Until the end of that latter period, children are likely to be fairly uncoordinated and not grow that much in size. From third or four grade until the end of middle school, however, children begin to grow more robustly as adolescence progresses, with girls typically starting to mature slightly ahead of the boys.

These sudden physical changes leading into the pubescent years of middle school and high school are often beset with embarrassment. This is true for those who are among the first to start experiencing physical changes. It is also true for those late in developing these changes.

Intellectually, late childhood development is marked by a period around the end of elementary school and the beginning of junior high when children stop thinking is such absolute, concrete terms and develop more logical, "gray area" thinking. According to the Child Development Institute, children can begin to start multitasking effectively at this age. They also are likely to begin thinking outside of their own experiences.

This shift from an egocentric outlook is the major emotional factor in late childhood development. Children are asked to start thinking apart from their own needs, often join social groups, and establish more meaningful friendships. Practice becomes more of an understood endeavor. In late childhood development, children may lack a proper identity and self-esteem, although owing to a still-inadequate understanding of themselves and society. This requires parents and educators to continue to reinforce proper behavior with abundant praise.

Afterward, into the teenage years, children begin the physical changes associated with puberty and an even more abstract way of thinking that allows them to grasp a more formalized logic. This includes an understanding that more than one answer can be true to a single question. Also, the concepts of the unknown — reflected, for instance, by variables studied in algebra — can be more effectively understood.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Dan Harkins
By Dan Harkins , Former Writer
Dan Harkins, a former military professional, brings his diverse life experiences to his writing. After earning his journalism degree, he spent more than two decades honing his craft as a writer and editor for various publications. Dan’s debut novel showcases his storytelling skills and unique perspective by drawing readers into the story’s captivating narrative.

Discussion Comments

Dan Harkins

Dan Harkins

Former Writer

Dan Harkins, a former military professional, brings his diverse life experiences to his writing. After earning his...
Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.