We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Leukocoria?

Mary McMahon
By
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Leukocoria is a change in the appearance of the pupil of the eye, where it appears white under certain conditions instead of black, and the eye does not exhibit the normal “red reflex.” This clinical sign is associated with a number of eye problems, some of which are associated with vision loss and other serious complications. If people notice leukocoria in their eyes or those of a family member, a visit to the ophthalmologist is in order.

In healthy individuals, light is absorbed into the retina and reflected back at low levels, with the pupil appearing black or red when it is flashed with light; the famous red eye problem in flash photography is an example of the red reflex at work. In people with leukocoria, more light is reflected, causing the pupil to appear white, especially when it is enlarged. Sometimes, people initially spot the symptom in a flash photograph where one eye has a white dot instead of a red one.

A number of conditions can be associated with leukocoria. Some genetic disorders, like trisomy 13, involve changes to the structure of the eye and cause retinal damage. Cataracts are a potential cause, as is Coats disease, where the blood vessels in and around the eye grow abnormally. Retinoblastoma, a serious ocular cancer, can also cause leukocoria to develop. This cancer is usually seen in childhood and the appearance of a white pupil in a child is a cause for concern for this reason.

A physician can evaluate a patient who appears to have this symptom, checking for a red reflex and collecting other information about the visual appearance of the eye in the process. All of this information is diagnostically useful. It is very important to receive a thorough workup for leukocoria, as this symptom is usually associated with diseases known to cause vision loss or difficulties with visual perception. Early diagnosis and treatment can provide people with a greater chance of preserving their vision.

Treatments vary, depending on what condition the patient appears to have. Surgery, chemotherapy, medications, and radiation are all things that may be recommended to the patient. People who want a second opinion may want to consider working with a physician who specializes in treatment of a given condition to make sure they have access to the most recent information on diagnosis and treatment of the condition. Doctors who treat retinoblastoma regularly, for example, tend to have better treatment options, as well as improved patient outcomes.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a The Health Board researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.