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What Is Spiradenoma?

Spiradenoma is a rare, benign skin tumor, often presenting as a small, painless nodule. It arises from sweat glands and can occur anywhere on the body. While typically harmless, its appearance can cause concern. Detailed images within reveal its unique characteristics. Have you ever noticed unusual skin growths? Understanding spiradenoma could be key to recognizing changes in your skin's health. What's your experience?
Meshell Powell
Meshell Powell

Spiradenoma is a type of skin condition that causes benign tumors to develop and usually is associated with the sweat glands. These tumors typically develop only in adults, although it is possible for spiradenoma to affect anyone at any age. In most cases, only one nodule is present, although multiple lesions might appear in some cases. The head, neck, scalp and trunk are the most common locations for these frequently painful tumors. Surgical intervention might be used to remove extremely painful lesions, although no medical treatment is necessary in many cases.

In most cases of spiradenoma, there is a singular lesion that develops on the head, neck or scalp. The trunk of the body might sometimes be affected, and tumors on the arms and legs are extremely rare. The lesions rarely grow larger than 0.4 inches (1 cm) in size, although the shape and number of lesions that are present can vary. Many people who have this skin disorder will not experience any discomfort, although mild to moderate pain might sometimes occur. Pain medications typically are not prescribed, even when the lesions cause a considerable amount of discomfort to the patient.

Chemotherapy may be used to treat spiradenoma, and may cause hair loss.
Chemotherapy may be used to treat spiradenoma, and may cause hair loss.

Although the tumors associated with spiradenoma are almost always benign when they appear, lesions that remain for a prolonged period of time might sometimes become malignant. A small sample of tissue, known as a biopsy, might be taken to determine whether the growths contain cancerous cells. Some doctors might prefer to remove the nodules, even if they are benign, in an effort to prevent cancer from occurring.

Most patients with spiradenoma suffer from a singular lesion that affects the head, neck or scalp.
Most patients with spiradenoma suffer from a singular lesion that affects the head, neck or scalp.

It is extremely rare for spiradenoma to recur after all of the nodules have been removed. Large tumors, or a group of spiradenoma nodules, might sometimes be treated with the use of carbon dioxide laser therapy. Specialized surgical scissors can then be used to debulk the tumor.

If the spiradenoma tumor becomes cancerous, more intensive treatment might be needed in addition to surgery aimed at removing the growth. Chemotherapy involves the use of medications that contain strong chemicals designed to destroy cancer cells, and radiation treatment involves the use of high levels of radiation to treat the cancer. These methods of cancer treatment might be used alone or in combination with one another. There are significant side effects associated with these treatment methods, including extreme nausea, vomiting and hair loss. The doctor can help the patient choose the most appropriate method of treatment in an individual situation and might be able to prescribe additional medications to combat any negative side effects associated with treatment.

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    • Chemotherapy may be used to treat spiradenoma, and may cause hair loss.
      By: prudkov
      Chemotherapy may be used to treat spiradenoma, and may cause hair loss.
    • Most patients with spiradenoma suffer from a singular lesion that affects the head, neck or scalp.
      By: Yanik Chauvin
      Most patients with spiradenoma suffer from a singular lesion that affects the head, neck or scalp.
    • Spiradenoma is usually associated with the sweat glands.
      By: Jason Stitt
      Spiradenoma is usually associated with the sweat glands.
    • Radiation therapy may be used to treat spiradenoma, even after surgery.
      By: jovannig
      Radiation therapy may be used to treat spiradenoma, even after surgery.
    • Side effects of treatments for spiradenomas may include nausea.
      By: Alliance
      Side effects of treatments for spiradenomas may include nausea.