Health
Fact-checked

At TheHealthBoard, we're committed to delivering accurate, trustworthy information. Our expert-authored content is rigorously fact-checked and sourced from credible authorities. Discover how we uphold the highest standards in providing you with reliable knowledge.

Learn more...

What Is Stage 2 Ovarian Cancer?

Stage 2 ovarian cancer indicates the disease has spread beyond the ovaries to other pelvic structures, but not as far as distant organs. This stage is crucial for treatment strategies, as it's more advanced than stage 1 but still contained within the pelvic region. Understanding the implications of stage 2 can guide timely and effective interventions. How does this affect prognosis and treatment options? Continue reading to explore.
Kristeen Moore
Kristeen Moore

Stage 2 ovarian cancer is classified as a cancer that has spread through a woman’s pelvis from the ovaries. For example, a stage 2 ovarian cancer patient might have malignant cells in her uterus. This stage of ovarian cancer usually starts on the outer ovaries, although some women have malignant tumors within ovarian tissues. Stage 2 ovarian cancer is treatable and is two stages away from the most severe type of ovarian cancer.

Many stage 2 ovarian cancers consist of epithelial tumors. These tumors grow on the outside of the ovaries and quickly multiply. Other types of ovarian cancers start from egg tissues, but these generally are less common. Women have an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer if they have a family history of the cancer.

Stage 2 ovarian cancer can cause lower back pain.
Stage 2 ovarian cancer can cause lower back pain.

After cancer cells have spread throughout the pelvis, ovarian cancer usually is more difficult to treat. Stage 1 ovarian cancer generally is not as difficult to cure, because the cells are confined to the ovaries. Some women do not receive a diagnosis until they have reached stage 2, when the symptoms are sometimes more prevalent. The symptoms might include persistent abdominal pain, frequent nausea, increased urination and lower back pain. Not all women experience the same symptoms, and some might be more severe than others.

Stage 2 ovarian cancer treatment may begin with surgery to remove the ovaries.
Stage 2 ovarian cancer treatment may begin with surgery to remove the ovaries.

Symptoms usually are diagnosed by a gynecologist with three types of tests. These include a pelvic ultrasound, a physical exam and a blood test that specifically looks for ovarian cancer cells. There sometimes is a misconception that a pap smear test can detect ovarian cancer; pap tests detect cervical cancer. Ovarian cancer can be caught early by paying attention to unusual symptoms within the pelvic area.

Many stage 2 ovarian cancers consist of epithelial tumors.
Many stage 2 ovarian cancers consist of epithelial tumors.

This type of cancer usually is treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy. A patient’s ovaries, uterus, lymph nodes and fallopian tubes generally are removed during stage 2. As a precaution, the oncologist might recommend chemotherapy as a way to destroy any cancer cells that might have been left behind after surgery.

Stage 2 is the second phase of ovarian cancer. During stage 3 ovarian cancer, malignant cells spread outside of the pelvis and through abdominal lymph nodes. Stage 4 is classified as ovarian cancer cells spreading to major organs. Ovarian cancer that is in stage 2 is extremely dangerous, but the chances of survival for women who have stage 2 ovarian cancer are better than those who have stage 3 or stage 4 ovarian cancer. Some studies suggest that having children or taking oral contraceptives at some point during a woman's lifetime might reduce her risk of developing ovarian cancer.

You might also Like

Discuss this Article

Post your comments
Login:
Forgot password?
Register:
    • Stage 2 ovarian cancer can cause lower back pain.
      By: Maridav
      Stage 2 ovarian cancer can cause lower back pain.
    • Stage 2 ovarian cancer treatment may begin with surgery to remove the ovaries.
      By: Gennadiy Poznyakov
      Stage 2 ovarian cancer treatment may begin with surgery to remove the ovaries.
    • Many stage 2 ovarian cancers consist of epithelial tumors.
      By: Marin Conic
      Many stage 2 ovarian cancers consist of epithelial tumors.