Throat chlamydia is a rare sexually transmitted disease wherein the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis infects the throat. It is contracted through oral sex with an infected individual. Though chlamydia is one of the more common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), it typically affects the genital region; in atypical cases, however, it may attack the throat. Common symptoms include sore throat and throat redness, but in many instances it produces no symptoms at all. Another type of throat chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae and is not transmitted sexually.
Chlamydia of the throat is transmitted through unprotected oral sex with someone who is already infected with the chlamydia bacteria. If symptoms present themselves, which in the majority of cases they do not, they will typically appear one to three weeks after transmission. A sore throat or irritation to the throat will usually be the first symptoms of chlamydia in the throat. If a sore throat lasts longer than average, it could be an indication of the condition — it is advised that a sore throat lasting a week or more be checked out by a doctor.
While the presence of a sore throat may not be a telltale sign of the condition, there are other symptoms to watch out for. Pain when swallowing can be an indicator of throat chlamydia, as can pain in the throat when talking for a significant period of time. When experiencing throat pain, solid foods will be uncomfortable to swallow.
Fever can also accompany chlamydia in the throat. It may or may not include pain in the throat, depending on the individual case. The Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria can impel the body to bolster its natural defense mechanisms, prompting a fever to try and stave off the invading bacteria.
Since it may produce no symptoms at all, throat chlamydia is exceptionally difficult to diagnose. Most clinics do not have a proven way of detecting the illness. It is often diagnosed by a process of elimination in which other conditions are dismissed before arriving at identification.
Once properly diagnosed, throat chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. These antibiotics fight the bacteria and help eliminate it from the system. Azithromycin, erythromycin, and tetracycline are among the most commonly prescribed antibiotics to battle the illness.