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There is a known connection between sertraline and night sweats, or excessive sweating while asleep. They are one of the relatively common side effects of the sertraline, which is a prescription antidepressant drug, and are not dangerous, though they can be uncomfortable or distressing. They are often most pronounced when the patient is beginning to take the medication or has had his or her dosage increased, though they are not limited to these times.
Excessive sweating during sleep is called nocturnal hyperhidrosis. For sweating to be considered hyperhidrosis there must be more sweating than is needed to regulate the body's temperature, which is sweating's primary function, so the term “night sweats” does not include normal sweating during the night due to heat. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis while sleeping often experience it during waking hours as well. This is another common side effect of sertraline, so the association of sertraline and night sweats is part of a more general group of common side effects.
Sertraline is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), a category of psychiatric drugs that also includes several other common antidepressants. The mechanism by which they work is still not fully understood, but it is believed that their effects are caused by increasing the amount of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the synapses between nerve cells. Excessive sweating is a common side effect of SSRIs, although the reason for this is still not understood. The connection between sertraline and night sweats appears to be especially strong, for unknown reasons.
While there is a relationship between sertraline and night sweats, there may be many other causes of night sweats. Some of them are serious medical conditions that include various cancers, infections such as tuberculosis, and disorders such as epilepsy and diabetes mellitus. Thus, in some cases night sweats experienced by someone who is taking sertraline may be the product of a separate, more serious problem rather than a side effect of the medication. Night sweats can also be caused by normal hormonal changes, such as those that occur during menopause. Many people also sweat excessively due to an innate genetic predisposition to do so, rather than as an effect of some other underlying cause or health problem.
Other Causes of Night Sweats
Medications are a common culprit of night sweats, but there are other causes to be aware of.
Stress has harsh impacts on the human body, and night sweats can be one of them. If you're experiencing high-stress levels due to work, home life, or other factors, this could cause excessive night sweating.
Sometimes it's as simple as turning the thermostat down or getting a new comforter. Consider if your sleepwear or bedding is too thick and heavy, making you sweat.
Another possibility is that the environment is too hot or too cold. Too hot makes you sweat, obviously, but too cold can make you tighten your body and curl into a ball, causing you to sweat from your own body heat.
As mentioned earlier, night sweats during menopause are very common. While there are no ways to stop this without some kind of hormone therapy, you can manage the sweating with tips explained later on in this article.
Another cause previously mentioned is that you may have a sweating disorder that makes you sweat more than usual. The most common sweating disorder is hyperhidrosis, which you can take medication for.
Underlying Medical Issue
Many medical problems can cause night sweats. Certain infections, types of cancer, drug abuse disorders, and more can cause night sweats. If they're severe and persist, you should see a doctor.
Poor habits that occur right before bed, like smoking or drinking, can cause night sweats. You should avoid these activities if you want to manage your nighttime sweating.
Other Medications That Cause Night Sweats
Aside from drugs similar to sertraline, which includes most depression medications and SSRIs, some other medications commonly lead to night sweats.
If you’re on any of the medications discussed below, they could be causing your night sweats. Changing medications or reducing the dosage after talking to your doctor can help solve your problem.
Hormone Therapy: People do hormone therapy for many reasons, from transitioning to IVF to menopause treatment, and the hormone disruption often causes night sweats.
Methadone: This medication helps treat opioid addiction disorders and manage withdrawal pain, almost always causing night sweats.
Diabetes Medications: Many diabetes medications to treat high blood sugar or high blood pressure have side effects, including night sweats.
Steroids: If you’re taking steroids for whatever reason, they frequently cause night sweats due to the drastic chemical effects on your body.
Pain Relievers: Taking too many painkillers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen, can lead to night sweats. Only take these medications as necessary.
Remedies for Night Sweats
If you don’t want to adjust your medication or can't pinpoint the cause of your night sweats, below are some ways to relieve and hopefully reduce your sweating at night.
Keep plenty of cold water near you during the night. Having ice water handy or even just cool water can significantly reduce your discomfort and hot flashes, especially during menopause.
Plus, it never hurts to stay hydrated throughout the night! Unfortunately, it just may lead to more bathroom trips for some people.
Use a Cold Pack
Keep an ice pack or cold pack by your bed. The best way to use it is to place it under your pillow. Everyone knows the term “the cool side of the pillow,” and keeping an ice pack under your pillow brings a new level of coolness. Throughout the night, if you wake up sweaty, you can flip the pillow to the cool side, relieving sweating and discomfort.
Avoid Night Sweat Triggers
Substances such as alcohol, spicy foods, caffeine, and cigarettes can contribute to night sweats. If you tend to consume or use any of these substances a few hours before bed, stopping could reduce or even eliminate your night sweats.
If you think your night sweats may be from stress, you can do de-stressing exercises before bedtime. Relieve stress through deep breathing, relaxation, and moderate exercise, to help you go to bed with fewer worries and relax better. Meditation, yoga, and similar activities can help.
See Your Doctor
If you try all of these tips and still are drenched in sweat every morning and it only seems to be getting worse, you should see a doctor. Many underlying medical conditions can cause night sweats, so do not ignore this problem for too long.