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Dysuria is the medical term used to describe pain felt during urination. It is a common complaint in women, and almost 25% of women suffer from dysuria each year. It can also affect men, but to a lesser extent. Infection is the most common cause of dysuria.
The most common age range for this complaint is 24 to 54 years old. The infection is also thought to be contracted more easily by people who are sexually active. Genital herpes is one infection that can cause this condition.
Escherichea coli is the most common infection that causes pain during urination. However, the type of infection depends on which part of the genitourinary tract is affected. The different types of infection include cystitis, vulvitis, urethritis and vaginitis.
There are also a number of non-infectious reasons for dysuria. These can include cancer of the bladder and renal tract. Certain medications can also bring on the condition.
Physical activities, including horse riding and bicycle riding, may also cause the condition. There may also be some urethral damage during sexual intercourse. Certain conditions, such as depression, can also bring on dysuria.
A full medical history is required in order to diagnose the cause. Factors taken into consideration include frequency and location of the pain. If pain is felt inside the body, then the cause may be cystitis or urethritis. If the pain occurs as urine leaves the body, then it may be a vaginal infection.
There are other symptoms that may accompany dysuria. These can include blood in the urine or vaginal discharge. There may be a hesitancy or slowness when urinating, and there may also be pain during intercourse. All of these symptoms must be taken into account and investigated before a diagnosis can be made.
If infection is found to be the cause, then antibiotics will be prescribed. Urinary analgesics may be used to ease the pain from infection. If the diagnosis is not clear, then invasive procedures may be required.
There are some simple measures that can be taken to prevent the condition. These include using condoms and avoiding intercourse until an infection has left the body. Wearing loose clothing may help, and using feminine douches may also help. If this condition occurs, it is important to seek medical help. Early diagnosis can prevent any infection from spreading.