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What Factors Affect Diastolic Pressure Levels?

Diastolic pressure, the bottom number in a blood pressure reading, reflects the heart at rest. It's influenced by factors like age, arterial stiffness, salt intake, and stress levels. Lifestyle choices, such as exercise and diet, also play a crucial role. Curious about how these elements interact and what you can do to manage them? Dive deeper with us to uncover the intricacies.
A. Pasbjerg
A. Pasbjerg

Diastolic pressure, the resting force of blood within the blood vessels represented by the bottom number of a pressure reading, can go up or down depending on a number of things. Changes can be rapid and temporary, or the number may have an overall increase or decrease over time. Some factors that can affect diastolic pressure levels in the short term include stress, changes in posture, and exercise. Factors that can cause it to shift in the longer term are family history, diet and lifestyle, and the person's overall health. One factor that has a significant negative impact in both the short and long term is smoking.

A number of things can make diastolic pressure change fairly rapidly, so taking several measurements may be the best way to get a true idea of its level in a particular person. Pressure levels normally shift throughout the day, usually going down at night and rising in the morning. Someone who is feeling high levels of stress or anxiety and is very tense may find that his or her diastolic pressure is higher than usual. A person who has just exercised and then has his or her blood pressure measured may find that it is different than normal. Even a change in posture, for example going from lying down to standing, can cause it to change quickly.

A number of factors can affect diastolic pressure levels.
A number of factors can affect diastolic pressure levels.

Certain factors can also cause diastolic pressure levels to go up or down in a more permanent fashion. Family history is often very predictive of blood pressure levels, as people with close relatives who have high or low blood pressure often tend to have similar levels. Lifestyle can also play a big role; for example, those who eat an unhealthy diet or are overweight or obese may tend to have higher levels, while those who exercise regularly often have lower levels. Overall health may also play a role, particularly if patients have certain issues like heart disease or need to be on medications that affect blood pressure.

Family history and lifestyle are two major factors in diastolic pressure levels.
Family history and lifestyle are two major factors in diastolic pressure levels.

Smoking is one behavior that can have a lot to do with diastolic pressure levels, both in the short and long term. Right after smoking, the resulting nicotine in the blood can cause a rapid increase in pressure. Long term, smokers may also be at greater risk for high blood pressure, with overall increases in both diastolic and systolic pressure.

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    • A number of factors can affect diastolic pressure levels.
      By: Jürgen Fälchle
      A number of factors can affect diastolic pressure levels.
    • Family history and lifestyle are two major factors in diastolic pressure levels.
      By: DragonImages
      Family history and lifestyle are two major factors in diastolic pressure levels.
    • Immediately after intake, the nicotine in a smoker's blood can cause a spike in diastolic blood pressure levels.
      By: Photographee.eu
      Immediately after intake, the nicotine in a smoker's blood can cause a spike in diastolic blood pressure levels.
    • Diastolic pressure is the resting force of blood within blood vessels.
      By: Balint Radu
      Diastolic pressure is the resting force of blood within blood vessels.
    • An individual suffering from an eating disorder may experience low blood pressure.
      By: Sylvie Bouchard
      An individual suffering from an eating disorder may experience low blood pressure.
    • Taking blood pressure medications before bed may cause better blood pressure control overall.
      By: Gabriel Blaj
      Taking blood pressure medications before bed may cause better blood pressure control overall.
    • Individuals who are overweight have a greater risk of developing high blood pressure.
      By: konami11
      Individuals who are overweight have a greater risk of developing high blood pressure.
    • Systolic blood pressure is the top number when reading blood pressure levels, and the bottom number is diastolic pressure.
      By: dambuster
      Systolic blood pressure is the top number when reading blood pressure levels, and the bottom number is diastolic pressure.