We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Factors Affect Self-Esteem in Teenagers?

By Kathleen Howard
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Many teenagers struggle with low self esteem, especially during puberty and throughout high school. There are several important factors that affect self-esteem in teenagers. Teenagers are often affected by their hormones and the changes that they are experiencing during puberty. Researchers also believe that physical appearance, social interactions, scholastic performance, and family all play an important role.

As a teenager goes through puberty, large amounts of new hormones are released inside his or her body. The surge in hormone levels can cause mood swings, depression and poor body image. It’s normal for teenagers to feel insecure about the physical changes that they are experiencing. Delayed puberty also can affect self-esteem in teenagers. Teens who are late to mature often feel self-conscious about their failure to go through puberty at the same time as their peers.

Physical appearance affects self-esteem in teenagers both during and after puberty. Studies have shown that most teenage girls would change their appearance if given the chance. Research has also found that obese teens are more likely to have low self-esteem. Teenagers feel an immense pressure to wear fashionable clothes, stay thin and meet the standards of beauty that are portrayed in the media.

Social interactions also play a role in teens’ self-esteem in high school. Students who have trouble forming relationships with their peers frequently suffer from low self-esteem. Most students hope to be popular and fit into a certain social circle. When a teenager feels isolated or disliked, he or she might begin to define himself or herself as a social outcast. During the teenage years, much of a person’s confidence comes from the acceptance and approval of his or her peers.

The acceptance of one’s family, however, is just as important as that of his or her peers, if not more. Teenagers who are abused mentally and/or physically commonly suffer from very low self-esteem. It’s important for a teenager to feel loved and valued by family members. A parent’s praise can do wonders for a young person’s self-confidence.

Aside from hoping to be accepted, many teens also hope to excel athletically and scholastically. When a student’s performance does not meet his or her own expectations or the expectations of his or her parents, the student might begin to doubt his or her abilities. Students might question whether they are as smart or gifted as their classmates, when in reality their expectations are simply unrealistic.

Excelling in school can have a positive impact on self-esteem in students. High self-esteem often comes from a teenager’s scholastic and athletic achievements, as well as the recognition of his or her achievements. Teens who feel valued by their families and peers are happier and more confident. Although many of these factors continue to affect people throughout their adult lives, they have the greatest effect on self-esteem in teenagers.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
By SteamLouis — On Mar 12, 2014

Is self esteem in teenage girls generally lower than teenage boys? I seem to have that impression. Does it have to do with variances in puberty?

By fify — On Mar 11, 2014

I think that family life is the biggest factor that affects self esteem in teenagers. I believe that we gain our sense of self-worth through our relationship and interactions with parents.

If parents do not make a child or teenager feel loved and valued, I don't think that teenager can have high self esteem. It all starts at home. Children who are loved, respected and encouraged will love themselves and feel competent. This will carry on to their school life and social life.

I'm not saying that we should blame parents for everything, that is definitely not the case. I just want to warn parents that they may have more to do with their child's self esteem than they realize.

By bluedolphin — On Mar 11, 2014

I had poor self esteem growing up. I was basically an outcast because of my different background, extra weight and shyness. It was worst during my teenage years because suddenly, I felt a greater urge to fit in and to be liked. These were also the years when we started taking notice of the opposite sex. Although it is fairly early, may teenagers are dating and have steady "relationships." So in addition to physical appearance and popularity, this becomes one more issue that weighs down on teenagers' self esteem.

I wish I knew then what I know now. As we get older, we realize that none of these things matter. But the world did not seem that way at that age. If any teenagers are reading this, please relax and just enjoy life. It's not worth getting stressed about. Also, pick your friends wisely because good friends will help you succeed and they will make you feel valued. Whereas bad friends will cause you to make mistakes and will make you feel bad about yourself.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.