Each function of the human body is controlled by a different area of the brain, with the forebrain being the most extensive region of all. Major behavior patterns are controlled by what is known as the temporal lobe. A person's coordination is controlled by the cerebellum.
The midbrain and hindbrain are the two other major areas of the brain, which are smaller than the forebrain. Contrary to what one might be inclined to believe, the right portion of the brain commands actions to the opposite part of the body. That is, the left side of the body will function according the messages the right portion of the brain transmits. Conversely, the left portion of the brain controls the right side of the body.
The brain stem acts controls the body's essential life support. It also links to the spinal cord. The brain stem is located in a section known as midbrain. The brain stem is one area that is vital in controlling heart function, respiratory function, and blood pressure. In addition, the medulla oblongata is a region of the brain that also contributes to the control of the respiratory functions.
The area called the cerebrum houses what is referred to as the limbic system. Within this complex section is a cortex that commands equilibrium and free motion. This system also includes areas of the brain called the thalamus and hippocampus.
A person's perception of the world, as well as his judgment and rationalization are governed by the section of brain known as the hippocampus. This region allows an individual to have thoughts and ideas. Located in the temporal lobe, it is essential for comprehension, awareness, and dexterity.
In the rear section of brain and atop the cerebellum is the occipital lobe. This is an area of the brain responsible for sight and the ability to detect visual differences. The occipital lobe also provides the ability to differentiate patterns, contours, and structures.
Certain areas of the brain produce hormones. The pituitary gland, which can be found above the brain stem, is responsible for the hormonal balance that controls certain bodily functions. Metabolic balance and sexual development may be regulated by the pituitary gland.
The cerebral cortex is an essential region of the brain that controls how individuals process thoughts and learn. Long-term memory is also governed by this section of the brain. The cerebral cortex may also play an integral role in language comprehension and skills.