We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is a Femoral Catheter?

Mary McMahon
By
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

A femoral catheter is a type of central venous catheter which is inserted into the femoral vein in the thigh. The catheter consists of a tube inserted into the vein with a needle, and fixed in place with stitches or medical tape, depending on the reason for the catheterization. The tube provides ready access to the vein for medical procedures and medical testing, so that doctors do not have to constantly poke the patient with needles when they require venous access.

Femoral catheters are usually used when other access points used to place central venous catheters are inaccessible or contraindicated. For example, a patient who has experienced repeated hospitalizations requiring catheterization might have no sites suitable for catheter placement in the upper extremities, forcing the doctor to go for the femoral vein instead. Some doctors may also opt to place a catheter in this location for a variety of reasons.

By providing access to the central vein, the catheter can be used to quickly draw blood tests and take measurements which reflect cardiovascular performance. Hemodialysis may be delivered via a femoral catheter, classically in the case of repeat dialysis patients who lack good access points on their upper bodies. The catheter can also be used to deliver intravenous nutrition or medications. After surgery, the femoral vein can be a good site to infuse analgesics, managing a patient's pain to keep him or her as comfortable as possible in the wake of the surgery.

To insert a femoral catheter, the doctor swabs the area clean and inserts the needle into the vein, going by feel or with the assistance of an ultrasound machine to make sure that the needle is placed properly. Once placed, the catheter can be secured in place and used as desired. The patient's freedom of movement is usually restricted by the presence of the catheter, as the placement can make it awkward or uncomfortable to walk.

The biggest risk with a femoral catheter is the potential for infection. Some studies seem to suggest that catheters placed in this location are more prone to infection, which means that the catheter must be cared for meticulously and the site needs to be monitored for signs of the onset of infection. Patients also need to be sure to communicate about discomfort and other sensations in the area of the catheter, as these can indicate that the catheter has been compromised by bacteria.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a The Health Board researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments

By pharmchick78 — On Aug 09, 2010

@gregg1956 -- You care for it just as you would another catheter.

Just like with other catheters, you have to keep the area as clean and dry as possible, and the doctor must make sure the insertion site is clean and sanitary when he places the line.

Catheter wearers must also flush out the catheter with a sterile solution to clean it at certain intervals.

Wearers of femoral central venous catheters must be very aware of the symptoms of infection though, and should ask their doctor for specific instructions as to care.

By gregg1956 — On Aug 09, 2010

So how do you care for a femoral catheter? It seems like that would be a particularly hard site to keep squeaky clean, especially since it would be worn, I assume, under the clothing?

By closerfan12 — On Aug 09, 2010

While it is true that femoral venous catheters are a little more prone to infection, if they are cared for properly, the infection associated with femoral catheterization is not that much greater than that of other kinds of central catheters.

For instance, although PICCs are usually considered the type of catheter least likely to get infected, a poorly cared for PICC line has just as much chance of getting infected as a femoral catheter.

Mary McMahon

Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.