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What is an Ovariectomy?

An ovariectomy is a surgical procedure to remove one or both ovaries, often performed to treat or prevent certain medical conditions. By excising these reproductive glands, it can impact hormone levels and fertility. Visual aids in our article help demystify the process. Wondering how this surgery might affect overall health? Join us as we explore the implications and recovery journey.
Amy Hunter
Amy Hunter

An ovariectomy, or oophorectomy, is a procedure in which a surgeon removes a female's ovaries. Humans as well as animals can receive an ovariectomy. When performed on animals, we call this procedure spaying, and it is a method of sterilization.

Women do not typically undergo an oophorectomy for birth control purposes, however several health conditions may call for this medical procedure. Women who develop ovarian cancer will undergo an ovariectomy. The procedure also treats the pain associated with ovarian cysts. A woman undergoing a hysterectomy, which is the removal of the uterus, may also have her ovaries removed.

An ovariectomy is frequently used to manage the pain associated with ovarian cysts.
An ovariectomy is frequently used to manage the pain associated with ovarian cysts.

Ovaries not only release eggs for fertilization, but also produce female hormones. An ovariectomy causes a variety of physical changes do to the sudden changes in hormone levels. A woman who has her ovaries surgically removed before she undergoes menopause will experience premature menopause. She will suffer from the same conditions that a menopausal woman has, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and an increase in her risk of developing heart disease. This is something to consider when making the decision on whether an oophorectomy is the best choice for a particular health concern.

Laparoscopic surgery is a less invasive way to perform an ovariectomy.
Laparoscopic surgery is a less invasive way to perform an ovariectomy.

Ovariectomies require overnight hospitalization. Anyone undergoing this surgical procedure will typically stay in the hospital for several days. The length of time depends on factors such as why the procedure was necessary, and the type of ovariectomy performed. A traditional ovariectomy uses a large incision in the abdomen. Given the amount of use abdominal muscles receive in everyday life, it is easy to see that this procedure requires a longer hospital and recovery period.

If a woman hasn't reached menopause before an ovariectomy, she may experience menopausal symptoms afterward.
If a woman hasn't reached menopause before an ovariectomy, she may experience menopausal symptoms afterward.

Laparoscopic surgery is less invasive, and the recovery period is typically shorter. The surgeon will access the ovaries through several small incisions, and may require assistance from a robotic camera. Recovery is quicker after laparoscopic surgery, but the surgical choice is determined based on the health condition that led to the surgery, and the surgeon's recommendation.

After an ovariectomy, a patient will stay in the hospital for several days.
After an ovariectomy, a patient will stay in the hospital for several days.

After ovariectomy surgery, expect discomfort and some down time. Women who undergo laparoscopic surgery may feel comfortable resuming everyday activities within two weeks, while women who undergo the traditional open ovariectomy may require six or more weeks to feel back to normal. Regardless of how quickly the healing process occurs, it is important to discuss when to resume exercise, tub baths, and sexual intercourse with your physician.

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    • An ovariectomy is frequently used to manage the pain associated with ovarian cysts.
      By: joshya
      An ovariectomy is frequently used to manage the pain associated with ovarian cysts.
    • Laparoscopic surgery is a less invasive way to perform an ovariectomy.
      By: Grzegorz Kwolek
      Laparoscopic surgery is a less invasive way to perform an ovariectomy.
    • If a woman hasn't reached menopause before an ovariectomy, she may experience menopausal symptoms afterward.
      By: brankatekic
      If a woman hasn't reached menopause before an ovariectomy, she may experience menopausal symptoms afterward.
    • After an ovariectomy, a patient will stay in the hospital for several days.
      By: uwimages
      After an ovariectomy, a patient will stay in the hospital for several days.
    • Ovarian cysts may be detected via ultrasound.
      By: acherst
      Ovarian cysts may be detected via ultrasound.
    • An ovariectomy will cause many of the physical changes that come with menopause.
      By: rob3000
      An ovariectomy will cause many of the physical changes that come with menopause.