We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Gingival Hypertrophy?

By Misty Wiser
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Gingival hypertrophy is the abnormal enlargement of the gums. The condition can be caused by medications, a systemic disease, poor oral hygiene, or a congenital disorder called occulodental syndrome. Many people with gingival hypertrophy experience bleeding from the gums and pain when eating. Gum enlargement needs to be evaluated by a dentist or physician to treat any underlying pathological causes.

The long-term build up of plaque around the teeth and gums is the leading cause of swollen gums. Poor oral hygiene allows bacteria to inflame the gum tissue. Dentures or partial dentures may irritate the delicate gum tissue, causing enlargement. If a dental appliance causes the swelling, it may need to be adjusted professionally.

Prescription medicines may have gingival hypertrophy as a side effect. Some of the medicines for the treatment of seizures as well as anti-convulsant drugs such as phenytoin, primidone, and topiramate are known to cause gingival enlargement. An immunosuppressant medication called ciclosporin can also cause gingival hypertrophy after taking it. Certain calcium channel blockers, namely nifidepine and verapamil, are also known to cause gum swelling. These oral side effects may subside after the medication is discontinued.

Natural changes in the body may cause gingival hypertrophy for a short time. Some women develop gingival hypertrophy during pregnancy. The swollen gums usually go back to the normal size after the woman gives birth. Adolescents may have enlarged gums during puberty, and it usually passes once the hormones circulating in their bodies even out.

There are systemic diseases that may cause gingival hypertrophy. People with leukemia may notice that the gum tissue has swollen and become painful. Growths called neoplasms may be responsible for the enlargement of gum tissue. The neoplasms may be benign or indicative of a malignant cancer.

Treatment of gingival hypertrophy depends on the cause of the enlargement. In the case of poor hygiene and plaque buildup, a dental procedure called scaling will be performed to reduce the plaque on the teeth. The plaque is scraped away from the teeth with dental tools. If the inflammation has reached the roots of the teeth, a process called root planing is necessary. It is a delicate process that removes the plaque and tarter from below the gumline.

A surgical procedure called a gingivectomy may be needed when the enlarged gum tissue does not reduce in size after the dental scaling or root planing. The swollen gum is snipped to a normal size, or electrosurgery may be used to remove the tissue and cauterize the wound simultaneously. A putty will be placed over the treated gums to protect them while they heal. The healing process may take up to three weeks.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.