We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Hashimoto's Disease?

Mary McMahon
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Hashimoto's Disease is an autoimmune disorder which leads to hypothyroidism, causing a variety of symptoms. When left untreated, the disease can be fatal, as the underactive thyroid leads to muscle weakness, which will eventually cause heart failure. It can also cause myxedema, a dangerous skin and tissue condition. Fortunately, many cases are caught long before this stage, and the condition is manageable, especially when caught early. Regular medical checkups are usually enough to ensure that the condition is caught early.

This disease is named after Doctor Hakaru Hashimoto, a Japanese physician who first described the condition in the early 1900s. In Hashimoto's Disease, the immune system registers the thyroid gland as an invader, and it starts to attack it. The thyroid becomes inflamed as a result, causing hormone production to decline, and leading to hypothyroidism. The condition also causes a goiter, a swelling of the neck created when the thyroid gland becomes enlarged.

Many cases of Hashimoto's Disease are caught in routine blood tests and regular physical exams, with the doctor noting that something is awry and recommending additional testing. In other instances, people come in with symptoms like abnormal weight gain, pale skin, hoarseness, muscle weakness, dry skin, joint pain, sensitivity to cold, and swollen faces, and the doctor tests for hypothyroidism.

Hashimoto's Disease has no cure, but it can be managed. To compensate for the decline in hormone production, patients take supplementary thyroid hormones. As the body grows accustomed to the hormones, the thyroid gland typically starts to shrink, since it is not being pressured to produce hormones, and the symptoms start to resolve. Treatment for the disease usually addresses the other symptoms, including muscle weakness, putting a stop to more serious complications before they arise.

Once diagnosed, managing Hashimoto's Disease is a life-long commitment because the body cannot produce the thyroid hormones it needs on its own. It may also require some lifestyle adjustments, as certain foods and medications interact poorly with thyroid medication. The condition is most common in women, especially women between 35 and 55 years of age, and it seems to be more common in the United States. Hashimoto's Disease is only one cause of hypothroidism, so it's important to pursue all medical avenues when treating cases of suspected hypothyroidism, to ensure that the treatment is appropriate.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a The Health Board researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
By JavaGhoul — On Mar 03, 2011


This kind of classification of other humans in terms of diseases and physical animal issues can have negative psychological effects on the medical community. Many med school students suffer from psychological issues due to recognizing the fatal physical nature of humanity and the fact that we are basically deteriorating as soon as we leave the womb.

By hangugeo112 — On Feb 28, 2011

Various diseases are out there just waiting to be discovered and treated. If a physician is learned and can appropriately diagnose a new disease, it often gets named after him or her. Doctors often find their crowning achievement in recognizing new diseases which they know have not yet been classified, and are always on the lookout for new issues.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.