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The most common behavior associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is anger. ADHD affects both children and adults, and many people with this disorder have problems with hostility, aggression and negative behaviors. ADHD behaviors are caused by chemical imbalances in the brain. In some cases, they are a byproduct of secondary symptoms, including loss of motivation, worry, frustration, boredom, anxiety, low self-esteem, lack of sleep, and feelings of hopelessness. People typically exhibit both chemical imbalance symptoms and secondary symptoms when suffering from ADHD.
ADHD frustration is the most common aspect leading to anger issues. It is important to learn how ADHD and anger management can co-exist. The first step would be to try to learn how to control the frustration levels. This can be done by establishing firmly rigid routines including set bedtimes, and limited time watching television and using gaming devices. Too many changes at once can lead to new problems, though, so try to avoid making several at one time.
Another method is trying to avoid overstimulation. Limit the number of people around at one time. This will help with the ADHD sufferer's feeling of being overwhelmed while also limiting noise. Most importantly, try not to be too pushy in getting things done; offer breaks often.
The second step would be to teach reduction techniques. This includes counting backward, deep breathing, positive statements, and using pleasant imagery. When these can be accomplished, move on to verbal expression of feelings rather than displays of anger. This tip also is good for people who live with those who suffer from ADHD and anger, because those people can be just as frustrated in dealing with the issue.
There are several other skills for anger management in conjunction with ADHD. Assertiveness skill helps the person to act less aggressive and more appropriately when asking for something he wants. Skills such as relaxation, problem solving and conflict management also are helpful when dealing with ADHD and anger. Another component of anger management is moral training, which helps to teach a person that physical aggression should only be used for self-defense.
While these different techniques are used for treating those with ADHD, a physician will also usually prescribe medications to help. There are many types of medicines available, including psycho-stimulants and non-stimulants. If the medicine is taken correctly and the coping skills are used properly, those suffering from ADHD and anger can learn to handle both problems, though abuse of the medication can lead to addiction problems.