What is the Connection Between Myalgia and Myositis?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Someone may develop myalgia in their neck because of a muscle strain.
Someone may develop myalgia in their neck because of a muscle strain.

Myalgia and myositis, two conditions involving the muscles, can be found together in some patients. They are generally viewed as symptoms of an underlying medical problem. Myalgia is muscle pain, while myositis is inflammation of the muscles. It is possible for muscles to be painful without being inflamed, and to be inflamed without pain, but commonly both symptoms are observed together, especially in the case of patients with chronic medical problems.

Alternative treatments like acupuncture may be helpful for patients with myalgia or myositis.
Alternative treatments like acupuncture may be helpful for patients with myalgia or myositis.

People can develop muscle pain for a wide variety of reasons, ranging from localized injuries to the muscle to genetic conditions involving the connective tissue. Muscle pain can be challenging to treat in some cases. Treatment options can include rest, heat, or ice, and medications to address the pain. The pain may also be associated with stiffness and weakness in the muscle, depending on the cause. Sometimes, the cause is evident, as in patients who have recently sustained injuries or who stress their muscles with heavy exercise or repetitive physical labor.

Treatments for myalgia and myositis may include rest.
Treatments for myalgia and myositis may include rest.

Inflammation of the muscles can also be associated with a range of conditions, including viral infections, metabolic disorders, and adverse reactions to vaccines. Myalgia and myositis are often linked, as the inflammation can cause a muscle to be swollen and painful. In some cases, the muscle is weak without necessarily being painful and myositis will occur without myalgia.

A doctor will conduct an interview and physical exam when a patient shows signs of myalgia or myositis.
A doctor will conduct an interview and physical exam when a patient shows signs of myalgia or myositis.

When a patient presents with both of these conditions, the doctor will interview the patient and conduct a thorough physical examination to learn more about the situation. Medical testing may be recommended to collect information about the patient's general level of physical fitness and the condition of the muscles. These symptoms can be elusive and sometimes frustrating. A patient with intermittent myalgia and myositis may be especially challenging to treat, as it can be difficult to connect the symptoms with specific underlying causes.

Electrical stimulation may be used to manage or relieve chronic symptoms of myalgia and myositis.
Electrical stimulation may be used to manage or relieve chronic symptoms of myalgia and myositis.

Treatments for myalgia and myositis vary, depending on the cause. Sometimes rest will allow the muscles to recover from an injury and resolve the problem. Other patients may require medication or treatments like electrical nerve stimulation to interrupt the pain signals being sent by the muscles. Alternative therapies like massage and acupuncture can also be beneficial in some patients. It is possible for the pain and inflammation associated with these muscle conditions to progress to a point where the patient is unable to work, care for family members, and perform other tasks, either temporarily or for life.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a TheHealthBoard researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a TheHealthBoard researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments

Glasis

Unexplained, chronic muscle pain is also one of the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Another symptom of fibromyalgia is chronic fatigue.

Between the frequent pain and fatigue, people who suffer from this disease often do find it difficult to function, as the article states.

In many people, treatment and medication can increase the patient's chance of living a normal life, but, as with any illness, there are still bad days that leave the patient unable to perform even the simplest of tasks without pain.

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    • Someone may develop myalgia in their neck because of a muscle strain.
      By: Yuri Arcurs
      Someone may develop myalgia in their neck because of a muscle strain.
    • Alternative treatments like acupuncture may be helpful for patients with myalgia or myositis.
      By: www.doglikehorse.com
      Alternative treatments like acupuncture may be helpful for patients with myalgia or myositis.
    • Treatments for myalgia and myositis may include rest.
      By: Monkey Business
      Treatments for myalgia and myositis may include rest.
    • A doctor will conduct an interview and physical exam when a patient shows signs of myalgia or myositis.
      By: Monkey Business
      A doctor will conduct an interview and physical exam when a patient shows signs of myalgia or myositis.
    • Electrical stimulation may be used to manage or relieve chronic symptoms of myalgia and myositis.
      By: praisaeng
      Electrical stimulation may be used to manage or relieve chronic symptoms of myalgia and myositis.
    • The application of ice may help relieve muscle inflammation.
      By: Kimberly Reinick
      The application of ice may help relieve muscle inflammation.
    • People develop muscle pain for a variety of reasons.
      By: lightwavemedia
      People develop muscle pain for a variety of reasons.
    • A person suffering from weak and inflamed muscles in the legs may have difficulty standing.
      By: Tyler Olson
      A person suffering from weak and inflamed muscles in the legs may have difficulty standing.