We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is the Role of Enzymes in the Body?

By Brandon May
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
TheHealthBoard is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At TheHealthBoard, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Enzymes are specialized proteins that act on specific molecules — called substrates — in the body, increasing the rate of metabolic reactions and changes. There are different enzymes associated with different tasks, such as digestion and metabolism, as well as contributing to the correct functioning of hormones like insulin and glucagon. Many enzymes help break down food molecules and compounds such as lactose and protein, which aid in the proper absorption and assimilation of these nutrients. These digestive enzymes decrease as the body ages, yet can be increased with digestive enzyme supplements and dietary means.

It is often noted that enzymes in the body are responsible for the metabolism, or the breaking down and building up, of all things occurring on a cellular level. There are two main types of enzymes in the body: metabolic enzymes and digestive enzymes. These protein particles act on a specific site on a cell to bring forth a desired result or change. Some of these enzymes help facilitate energy exchanges between cells, whereas others help break down fat and sugar to be used as energy.

Many of the commonly discussed enzymes in the body involve the digestion of certain macronutrients, including protein, carbohydrates, and fat. When an individual consumes a piece of food in which the main calories come from protein, like fish or meat, then an enzyme known as protease helps break down the protein into simpler molecules. These simpler forms are called amino acids, which can be used as a energy source for the body. If the enzymes in the body are not sufficient enough to digest the protein, improper digestion and assimilation of the nutrients will occur.

Lactase is an example of an enzyme that helps break down the lactose, or sugar, found in milk and most other dairy products. Those who are lactose intolerant are normally missing the lactase enzymes in the body. Amylase is the name of the enzyme that digests most starch carbohydrates, including those found in grains, vegetables, and some fruits. The main enzyme responsible for the digestion of fats is lipase, and this helps break down fats into fatty acids. These fatty acids are also used as an energy source and for various physiological functions, such as regulating inflammation and acting upon DNA.

TheHealthBoard is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

TheHealthBoard, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

TheHealthBoard, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.