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Often, a fallopian tube cyst goes away on its own without deliberate medical treatment. It is for this reason that some medical professionals will choose to wait before attempting to shrink or surgically remove a cyst in this area. When a cyst begins to grow larger and cause pain or interferes with a woman’s reproductive system, however, shrinking the cyst via hormone manipulation or removing it via surgery are the most common forms of treatment.
With or without treatment, it is not uncommon for a woman who has already had a cyst to develop new ones that grow either directly on the reproductive organs or next to these organs. One of the most common causes of this condition is endometriosis. Lining a woman’s uterus is a soft tissue known as endometrium, and each month during her regular menstrual cycle, this tissue is expelled from the uterus. When a dysfunction occurs in this process, however, the endometrium may begin to spread to other internal organs, such as the ovaries or the fallopian tube, and form scar tissue as well as cysts.
Fallopian tube cyst treatment, therefore, also commonly includes treating endometriosis. As the most common cause, the symptoms of this condition commonly overlap with cyst symptoms such as unusually painful menstrual cramps, spotting between periods, pain during intercourse, bloody stools, and pelvic pain. When a fallopian tube cyst occurs as the result of endometriosis, a medical professional may choose to remove the buildup of this tissue through a surgical procedure. If the cyst doesn’t appear to be growing or is not causing severe symptoms, the healthcare provider may choose to correct it through less invasive means, such as prescribing birth control pills to manipulate a woman’s hormones, and cause the cyst to shrink while also possibly preventing new tissue from accumulating and forming new cysts.
These cysts are usually benign, but some may cause infertility in women. Although this condition is a less common cause of infertility, it is possible that endometrium in the fallopian tubes may block the passage of eggs needed for conception to take place. Even without painful symptoms, therefore, endometrium is sometimes found during an examination of infertility causes and treated by hormone manipulation to improve the likelihood of pregnancy.
There is danger in not treating a fallopian tube cyst, which is why health experts say that the regular monitoring of a cyst’s growth and symptoms is important. For instance, cysts caused by endometriosis may also eventually result in an ectopic pregnancy or may cause the development of pelvic adhesions and lead to further complications involving the fallopian tubes. When these conditions occur, surgery is often the only treatment option.