Medicine
Fact-checked

At TheHealthBoard, we're committed to delivering accurate, trustworthy information. Our expert-authored content is rigorously fact-checked and sourced from credible authorities. Discover how we uphold the highest standards in providing you with reliable knowledge.

Learn more...

How do I Treat a Knee Contusion?

Treating a knee contusion involves R.I.C.E. therapy: Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation to reduce swelling and pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers can also help. It's crucial to avoid activities that strain the knee until it heals. For a visual guide on managing a knee contusion and when to seek medical attention, explore our detailed article with illustrative images. What will your recovery journey look like?
Nicole Long
Nicole Long

A knee contusion can be treated by following some recommended guidelines. Simple knee contusions can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and over-the-counter pain relievers. More severe knee contusions, such as those involving bone, may require further treatment options, such as physical therapy and microcurrent therapy.

Knee contusions associated with pain need rest. Bleeding and inflammation as a result of the bruising may limit movement of the knee joint. Activity can further aggravate any swelling or pain that may be related to the knee contusion. Avoid any strenuous activity until swelling and pain begin to subside.

Apply ice regularly to help alleviate swelling associated with the knee contusion. Experts recommend to ice in 20 minute intervals several times throughout the day. Place a towel between the ice and the skin to prevent skin irritation.

Elevate the bruised knee to help reduce swelling and pooling of blood. Keep the knee propped up, possibly with a pillow underneath. The knee should be elevated above the heart.

An ace bandage may be used to help compress the bruised knee. Wrapping the injured area lightly can help limit further swelling, keep the knee stable, and protect from further injury. Alleviating the swelling may also reduce pain.

A diagram of the knee.
A diagram of the knee.

Medication may be suggested by a physician for a knee contusion. This can include the use of anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen, to help limit swelling. These medications also help relieve pain. In severe cases, a physician may prescribe a stronger pain medication.

Most knee contusions will get better over time with rest, ice, and medication, but some may need the attention of a physician. For contusions that occur on the bone structures of the knee, additional examination is necessary. A physician may recommend a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test to verify that bruising has occurred to one of the bones of the knee, such as the kneecap.

A medical professional wrapping a person's knee to help with a contusion.
A medical professional wrapping a person's knee to help with a contusion.

Knee contusions on the bones related to the knee joint can cause severe pain and limit the ability of the patient to move the knee joint without experiencing significant pain and limited motion. In this case, physical therapy and specific icing massage regimens administered by a physician may help. Physical therapy will focus on increasing the range of motion of the joint over time, allowing a patient to return to normal activities.

Physical therapy may be required to treat a knee contusion.
Physical therapy may be required to treat a knee contusion.

Other alternative treatments exist for treating a knee contusion. This includes microcurrent therapy that can help stimulate healing when applied directly to the bruised area. Other options include taking vitamin supplements, such as Vitamins K, A, and C, to speed the recovery process.

You might also Like

Discuss this Article

Post your comments
Login:
Forgot password?
Register:
    • A diagram of the knee.
      By: Alila
      A diagram of the knee.
    • A medical professional wrapping a person's knee to help with a contusion.
      By: Gennadiy Poznyakov
      A medical professional wrapping a person's knee to help with a contusion.
    • Physical therapy may be required to treat a knee contusion.
      By: JPC-PROD
      Physical therapy may be required to treat a knee contusion.
    • Superficial knee bruises can usually be treated easily.
      By: roblan
      Superficial knee bruises can usually be treated easily.
    • Bruised knees should be elevated to reduce swelling and pooling of blood.
      By: Kondor83
      Bruised knees should be elevated to reduce swelling and pooling of blood.