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There are several different types of skeletal system injuries affecting the bones, muscles, and surrounding structures. Sprains, strains, and fractures are among the most common injuries of this type. Additional injuries to the skeletal system may include bursitis or tendinitis. Dislocated joints and carpal tunnel syndrome also affect the skeletal system. As symptoms of many of these injuries are similar, it is important to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and an individualized treatment plan.
Sprains and strains are among the most common types of skeletal system injuries. An injury affecting the ligaments is referred to as a strain, whereas muscle or tendon damage is classified as a sprain. Repetitive motion and overuse are responsible for the majority of these injuries and are particularly common among athletes. Pain, swelling, and a reduced ability to move the affected limb are typical symptoms of both strains and sprains, so evaluation by a doctor is usually needed in order to tell the difference between the two.
Fractures and dislocated joints are among the possible injuries to the skeletal system. A broken bone is clinically referred to as a fracture and may occur as a result of traumatic injury, an accidental fall, or disease processes such as osteoporosis that cause the bones to become weak. A joint becomes dislocated when one or more of the surrounding bones slips out of its normal position. Possible causes of joint dislocation include direct trauma to the affected joint or certain forms of arthritis.
Bursitis and tendinitis are potential skeletal system injuries. Small, fluid-filled sacs known as bursa provide a cushion between muscles, bones, and tendons. When the bursa become inflamed, usually due to repetitive use, pain and swelling may occur in the affected area. Tendinitis is a medical term used to describe inflammation of the tendons, the structures responsible for connecting muscles to the bones. This is a common sports injury and is often caused by repetitive motion.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a type of injury that is most common among those who spend a lot of time typing or writing, although any repetitive motion involving the wrist may lead to the development of this disorder. Repeated pressure on the median nerve is the most frequent cause of carpal tunnel syndrome, although medical conditions such as arthritis, diabetes, and improper blood flow may also be contributing factors. Pain, tingling, and occasional numbness involving the hand, wrist, or fingers are the most common symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.