We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What can I Expect After a Myeloma Diagnosis?

By M. Haskins
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Myeloma is a cancer that affects a type of blood cells called plasma cells, causing symptoms such as high calcium levels, kidney problems, and bone lesions. This cancer is also known as Kahler's disease, multiple myeloma, and plasma cell myeloma. A myeloma diagnosis is often followed by a process called cancer staging, which can involve blood tests, x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and x-ray computed tomography (CT-scan). Cancer staging is done after a myeloma diagnosis to determine which one of the three stages of the disease a specific patient is in, rated from stage I, which is early disease, to stage III, which is more advanced. Once the extent of the disease is determined, various treatment options can be recommended, like chemotherapy drugs, a bone marrow transplant, stem-cell transplantation, or radiation therapy.

Two blood tests are often done after a myeloma diagnosis to determine the stage of the disease. These tests are a blood albumin test, which can be used to determine if there is kidney damage, and a Beta-2 micro globulin test, which is used to determine how the plasma cells are affected. A CT scan, which provides detailed x-ray images of bones, and an MRI, which also provides detailed images of internal tissue, are sometimes done after a myeloma diagnosis to determine the extent of any bone lesions.

The International Staging System (ISS) is often used after a myeloma diagnosis. Staging of the disease is done both to determine what treatments can be recommended and to help predict survival for patients. Patients with stage I myeloma have few symptoms with no damage to the bones and calcium levels that are usually normal. For these patients, doctors sometimes recommend what is called watchful waiting, which involves no medical treatment but regular checkups. The median survivability is more than five years for patients with stage I myeloma.

In stage II myeloma there are more cancer cells present, and the median survival is just more than four years. Patients with stage III myeloma have advanced bone lesions, anemia, and high levels of calcium and the median survival is just more than two years. Various types of treatments can be recommended after a myeloma diagnosis for patients in stage II and stage III. Combination chemotherapy, involving the use of several drugs, targeted radiation, and stem-cell or bone-marrow transplants can be part of the treatment. These treatments can slow the disease, or lead to cancer remission, but can also have severe side effects, such as hair loss, nausea, and vomiting.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.