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Nephrosis is a medical term for kidney disease. Sometimes called nephrotic syndrome or nephropathy, nephrosis has numerous possible causes. Nephrosis is typically diagnosed by the results of a urine test, and though treatment varies with the cause, it often requires life long treatment with the hope of preventing permanent kidney failure.
Nephrosis can affect all age groups. The symptoms are often not outward, but include high protein levels in the urine, low blood protein levels, high cholesterol and edema, or swelling. Some outward symptoms can include difficulty with or a decrease of urination, and in children, frequent accidents and difficulty with toilet training can indicate kidney disease or disorder. Swelling of the ankles, fingers or face from fluid retention are also outward symptoms of kidney disease.
Nehprosis can be determined by the results of routine urine testing. Other tests are usually performed subsequent to the urinalysis to help determine the cause. In many cases, the condition is secondary to a disease that affects major body organs. Diabetes, lupus, and some cancers can cause kidney disease, or it may be a hereditary condition. In some cases, nephrosis is the result of infection or drug use.
Treatment includes controlling the disease by treating any underlying medical conditions that may cause it. Commonly prescribed drugs include diuretics to reduce swelling, antibiotics to treat infection and medications to reduce the output of protein. Dietary changes are also usually prescribed for patients diagnosed with nephrosis. Other medications may be necessary depending on the underlying causes and other conditions that may be affected by the disease.
Nephrosis can be a complicated disease that carries risks and complications to other organs, such as the heart. Preventing kidney disease from progressing is the best course for treatment, but some patients with kidney disease will eventually loose their kidney function. Dialysis or transplant may be the end result. Patients with kidney disease should not take certain medications, even in the beginning stages. If you suspect complications with your kidneys, you should see your doctor.