What is Nephrosis?

J. Beam
J. Beam
"Nephrosis" is a term for kidney disease.
"Nephrosis" is a term for kidney disease.

Nephrosis is a medical term for kidney disease. Sometimes called nephrotic syndrome or nephropathy, nephrosis has numerous possible causes. Nephrosis is typically diagnosed by the results of a urine test, and though treatment varies with the cause, it often requires life long treatment with the hope of preventing permanent kidney failure.

Nephrosis can affect all age groups. The symptoms are often not outward, but include high protein levels in the urine, low blood protein levels, high cholesterol and edema, or swelling. Some outward symptoms can include difficulty with or a decrease of urination, and in children, frequent accidents and difficulty with toilet training can indicate kidney disease or disorder. Swelling of the ankles, fingers or face from fluid retention are also outward symptoms of kidney disease.

Symptoms of nephrosis may include swollen ankles.
Symptoms of nephrosis may include swollen ankles.

Nehprosis can be determined by the results of routine urine testing. Other tests are usually performed subsequent to the urinalysis to help determine the cause. In many cases, the condition is secondary to a disease that affects major body organs. Diabetes, lupus, and some cancers can cause kidney disease, or it may be a hereditary condition. In some cases, nephrosis is the result of infection or drug use.

Prescription medications will be needed to combat nephrosis.
Prescription medications will be needed to combat nephrosis.

Treatment includes controlling the disease by treating any underlying medical conditions that may cause it. Commonly prescribed drugs include diuretics to reduce swelling, antibiotics to treat infection and medications to reduce the output of protein. Dietary changes are also usually prescribed for patients diagnosed with nephrosis. Other medications may be necessary depending on the underlying causes and other conditions that may be affected by the disease.

A urine test is often used to help diagnose nephrosis.
A urine test is often used to help diagnose nephrosis.

Nephrosis can be a complicated disease that carries risks and complications to other organs, such as the heart. Preventing kidney disease from progressing is the best course for treatment, but some patients with kidney disease will eventually loose their kidney function. Dialysis or transplant may be the end result. Patients with kidney disease should not take certain medications, even in the beginning stages. If you suspect complications with your kidneys, you should see your doctor.

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Discussion Comments

anon314957

What is the difference between nephrosis and nephrotis syndrome?

anon186022

which drugs cause nephrosis? Are nephrosis and nephrotic syndrome the same?

anon37639

Ask the doctor not me. --Alex fernandes

anon29825

Which drugs cause nephrosis? Are nephrosis and nephrotic syndrome the same?

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    • "Nephrosis" is a term for kidney disease.
      By: 7activestudio
      "Nephrosis" is a term for kidney disease.
    • Symptoms of nephrosis may include swollen ankles.
      By: Dusan Kostic
      Symptoms of nephrosis may include swollen ankles.
    • Prescription medications will be needed to combat nephrosis.
      By: Maxal Tamor
      Prescription medications will be needed to combat nephrosis.
    • A urine test is often used to help diagnose nephrosis.
      By: jcreaxion
      A urine test is often used to help diagnose nephrosis.
    • Dialysis might be required if nephrosis leads to total loss of kidney function.
      By: picsfive
      Dialysis might be required if nephrosis leads to total loss of kidney function.