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What is Nephrosis?

By J. Beam
Updated Mar 03, 2024
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Nephrosis is a medical term for kidney disease. Sometimes called nephrotic syndrome or nephropathy, nephrosis has numerous possible causes. Nephrosis is typically diagnosed by the results of a urine test, and though treatment varies with the cause, it often requires life long treatment with the hope of preventing permanent kidney failure.

Nephrosis can affect all age groups. The symptoms are often not outward, but include high protein levels in the urine, low blood protein levels, high cholesterol and edema, or swelling. Some outward symptoms can include difficulty with or a decrease of urination, and in children, frequent accidents and difficulty with toilet training can indicate kidney disease or disorder. Swelling of the ankles, fingers or face from fluid retention are also outward symptoms of kidney disease.

Nehprosis can be determined by the results of routine urine testing. Other tests are usually performed subsequent to the urinalysis to help determine the cause. In many cases, the condition is secondary to a disease that affects major body organs. Diabetes, lupus, and some cancers can cause kidney disease, or it may be a hereditary condition. In some cases, nephrosis is the result of infection or drug use.

Treatment includes controlling the disease by treating any underlying medical conditions that may cause it. Commonly prescribed drugs include diuretics to reduce swelling, antibiotics to treat infection and medications to reduce the output of protein. Dietary changes are also usually prescribed for patients diagnosed with nephrosis. Other medications may be necessary depending on the underlying causes and other conditions that may be affected by the disease.

Nephrosis can be a complicated disease that carries risks and complications to other organs, such as the heart. Preventing kidney disease from progressing is the best course for treatment, but some patients with kidney disease will eventually loose their kidney function. Dialysis or transplant may be the end result. Patients with kidney disease should not take certain medications, even in the beginning stages. If you suspect complications with your kidneys, you should see your doctor.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
By anon314957 — On Jan 21, 2013

What is the difference between nephrosis and nephrotis syndrome?

By anon186022 — On Jun 14, 2011

which drugs cause nephrosis? Are nephrosis and nephrotic syndrome the same?

By anon37639 — On Jul 21, 2009

Ask the doctor not me. --Alex fernandes

By anon29825 — On Apr 09, 2009

Which drugs cause nephrosis? Are nephrosis and nephrotic syndrome the same?

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