We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is POEMS Syndrome?

Laura M. Sands
By
Updated Mar 03, 2024
Our promise to you
The Health Board is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At The Health Board, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

POEMS syndrome refers to a rare disorder that causes a buildup of proteins in the organs and tissue cells throughout various parts of the body. This disorder also causes varying degrees of peripheral nerve damage. While POEMS syndrome can affect anyone at any age, it most commonly affects men over the age of 50 years old.

This disorder is labeled POEMS syndrome as an acronym representing each of the symptoms relative to this condition. The five major symptoms associated with this disorder are peripheral neuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes. Although each of these represents a common symptom of this rare condition, not all symptoms need be present for a person to be diagnosed with this syndrome. A thorough examination of a patient presenting some or all of these symptoms is needed before a final diagnosis is made.

The peripheral neuropathy common in this syndrome may affect several nerves at the same time. Organomegaly refers to enlarged organs, which is usually either the spleen or the liver and may affect both. Abnormal enlargement may also occur in the lymph nodes of people afflicted with this syndrome.

The endocrinopathy common in POEMS syndrome produces a change or a disruption in a person’s hormone levels, which commonly leads to hormonal imbalance. Endocrinopathy may also affect sexual organs, such as preventing the ovaries or the testicles from functioning properly. When monoclonal gammopathy occurs, it causes the production of immunoglobulin from bone marrow cells, which have grown out of control. Skin changes, which commonly occur in POEMS syndrome, include skin thickening and changes in pigmentation.

More specific symptoms of POEMS syndrome include fatigue, progressive weakness in the extremities, edema, neuropathy in the hands and feet and vision changes. Many with this syndrome are also affected by Type 1 diabetes. Although some people do not experience all of these symptoms, most people affected by this syndrome do experience peripheral neuropathy symptoms, as well as monoclonal gammopathy.

Although it is a very rare disorder, cases of POEMS syndrome are found in various parts of the world. It is found most frequently, however, in aging men in Japan where it is also known as Crow-Fukase syndrome. Other names for POEMS syndrome used interchangeably are Takatsuki disease, PEP syndrome and Shimpo syndrome. There is research to suggest that this syndrome may actually be a very rare blood disorder of unknown origin. Other research suggests that it falls under the classification of immune system disorders.

The Health Board is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Laura M. Sands
By Laura M. Sands , Former Writer
Laura Sands, the founder of a publishing company, brings her passion for writing and her expertise in digital publishing to her work. With a background in social sciences and extensive online work experience, she crafts compelling copy and content across various platforms. Her ability to understand and connect with target audiences makes her a skilled contributor to any content creation team.

Discussion Comments

Laura M. Sands

Laura M. Sands

Former Writer

Laura Sands, the founder of a publishing company, brings her passion for writing and her expertise in digital publishing...
Learn more
The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

The Health Board, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.