Many causes of nose swelling can stem from allergic reactions or infectious bacteria, yet are easily treatable and do not normally develop into a more serious condition. A common cause called sinusitis involves inflammation and then swelling of the inner lining of the nose due to blocked fluid or germs. This can later lead to an infection, therefore increasing swelling and inflammation, if not addressed by a physician when the symptoms first develop. When dealing with an allergic response, the simplest form of treatment may come down to rest and avoidance of the allergic stimulus. Symptoms of swelling, regardless of the source or cause, frequently include facial pain and loss of smell.
When swelling in the nose occurs, it is often seen as an inflammatory or allergic response to a certain stimulus in the environment. Seeing an allergist might help determine a specific element in the diet or the environment that contributes to the swelling and inflammation. However, pure avoidance and elimination of certain foods or ingredients used in cosmetics may be the best way to determine the specific cause of the swelling. More often than not, nose swelling stemming from an allergy will also be accompanied by swelling around the eyes.
Nose swelling is also a common symptom of bacteria buildup within the nose or lining of the nasal cavity. This bacteria can lead to infection if not treated at the symptoms' onset, and can lead to a longer than usual swelling of the nose. Sinusitis is the term for nasal swelling when it involves the buildup of bacteria, and can only be diagnosed through a physical examination by a medical doctor or allergy specialist. Anti-inflammatory medications can help bring down the swelling and ease the inflammation involved with the bacteria.
Adequate rest can be one of the best treatments for nose swelling, as well as antihistamines if one is suffering from an allergic response. As bacteria can spread to other parts of the body, further treatment and medication can be prescribed by a doctor to help fight the bacteria in the nose. Side effects of nose swelling can include loss of smell or a stuffy nose, but these do not usually present further agitation or future health problems. Chronic swelling may be a sign of a larger health problem, making it important that an individual work carefully alongside physicians to help determine a cause and solution.