What Are the Most Common Causes of Yellow Diarrhea?

Valerie Clark
Valerie Clark
Yogurt with live cultures can rebuild intestinal flora after diarrhea.
Yogurt with live cultures can rebuild intestinal flora after diarrhea.

The most common causes of yellow diarrhea are related to the liver, gallbladder or small intestine and can be a sign of a serious health problem, including parasite infection, liver disease and intestinal disease. Diarrhea that resolves itself within a day or two and is often associated with diet or medication. Pale bowel movements and chronic yellow diarrhea suggest more serious causes, such as gallstones or cancer.

Salmonella, a common cause of food poisoning, can cause diarrhea.
Salmonella, a common cause of food poisoning, can cause diarrhea.

If diarrhea persists longer than two days, a physician might perform a stool culture or blood test or might suggest avoiding certain foods to evaluate the risk for more serious conditions. Medical history and a physical examination are also key in determining the cause of persistent diarrhea. Most experts will agree that eliminating toxins, avoiding fatty foods and consuming electrolytes are essential to resolving diarrhea quickly.

An infection in the small intestine can cause yellow diarrhea.
An infection in the small intestine can cause yellow diarrhea.

If yellow diarrhea shows up suddenly, the most common cause is a bacterial or parasite infection, especially if the sufferer also has bloody stool. Typically picked up by consuming contaminated food and/or water, bacteria and parasites can enter the body and settle into the small intestine, where they can cause a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, including yellow diarrhea. Bacteria and parasites that cause diarrhea include salmonella, Escherichia coli and Giardia lamblia. Treatment might include antibiotics as opposed to over-the-counter medicines such as loperamide and bismuth subsalicylate. Additionally, a viral infection can cause severe diarrhea and generally resolves on its own within three to seven days.

The pancreas and spleen are located under the left side of the ribcage.
The pancreas and spleen are located under the left side of the ribcage.

Yellow diarrhea can also be caused by a problem in the liver or gallbladder. In addition, liver and gallbladder problems are often accompanied by pain under the right ribcage. Pain under the left side suggests pancreas or spleen trouble. The color of feces is directly related to the amount of bile salts excreted from the liver. If this process is inhibited somehow, such as a by a gallstone, feces gradually will change color and become yellow or pale gray.

Yellow diarrhea can be caused by a problem with the liver or gallbladder.
Yellow diarrhea can be caused by a problem with the liver or gallbladder.

If the liver, pancreas and gallbladder suffers from fat malabsorption, feces can become yellow or gray, soft and smelly, as well as difficult to flush away. Cancer also is a possibility for sufferers of chronic yellow diarrhea that persists longer than four weeks. On a lighter note, some antibiotics, chemotherapy drugs and antacids containing magnesium can affect the liver and cause yellow diarrhea. One should consult a physician for alternative remedies and treatments if necessary.

Parasites living in raw meat can cause yellow diarrhea.
Parasites living in raw meat can cause yellow diarrhea.

With respect to the small intestine, a variety of intestinal diseases can cause chronic yellow diarrhea along with fever, bloody stool and abdominal pain, just to name a few. If these symptoms are present, a physician likely will perform a medical history and physical examination, stool culture or colonoscopy. Blood tests can be used to determine whether a patient is at risk for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and celiac disease. These diseases are serious, and the severity of symptoms can be reduced by avoiding fatty foods, eliminating gluten and identifying other contributing factors.

Other Stool Discolorations

If you have discolored stool that is not yellow, this can be an indication of different health issues. Sometimes stool discoloration is temporary, and often due to a recent change in diet or medications. 

But never ignore a strange discoloration in the stool. Knowing what the different colors mean can help you assess your well-being and determine when it's time to see your doctor. 

Brown

The good one! Light brown to dark brown stool means a healthy gut and body. 

If your stool is consistently brown, this is a good sign that you are not suffering from many health issues discussed in this article. But diarrhea, even when a healthy brown color, is not a sign of a healthy digestive tract. 

Green

Green stool is often not a cause for concern and can be considered normal. It is common in tandem with diarrhea because food and liquids move through your system much faster. 

Certain foods cause green poop naturally, so before you call your doctor, think about if you ingested any of the following recently:

  • Green fruits (kiwi, avocado)
  • Green veggies (spinach, broccoli, asparagus)
  • Nuts (pistachios)
  • Seeds (pumpkin seeds)
  • Herbs (parsley, cilantro)
  • Medications high in iron

Red

A red or maroon stool could be caused by a particular diet that includes many red foods, especially baked goods or foods that contain red food coloring. 

Below is a list of foods that can turn your stool red:

  • Red or grape Kool-Aid
  • Red Jell-O
  • Red candy, like licorice
  • Fire Cheetos
  • Red food coloring
  • Cranberries
  • Paprika
  • Red peppers
  • Rhubarb
  • Tomatoes
  • Beets

While red stool can be innocuous, it could be a sign of health problems. If you have a red or maroon-colored stool, it could be a sign of one of the following health issues:

  • Hemorrhoids 
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Tumor
  • Rapid upper GI bleed
  • Diverticular bleed infection

If your stool is red, but you do not recall eating any foods that could be the culprit, you should see a doctor as you should not ignore all these health conditions. 

Black

Black stool can be quite concerning. In poor lighting, green stool can appear black, so try to verify the color before seeking medical help. 

Like other stool colors, black stool can be due to a specific diet. If you have eaten the following foods or medications, the black stool is likely not a health concern:

  • Medicines high in iron 
  • Pepto-Bismol
  • Cigarette ashes
  • Grape juice
  • Charcoal 
  • Oreo cookies
  • Licorice
Diarrhea typically resolves on its own within one to two days.
Diarrhea typically resolves on its own within one to two days.

If you have not consumed any of these items and your stool is consistently black, you should see a doctor immediately. Consistent black stool is a sign of GI bleeding (intestinal bleeding). When blood goes through your stomach, the stomach bile turns your blood a dark tar-like black. 

GI bleeding is a serious health concern and should be addressed promptly. The cause of GI bleeding is almost always a severe condition. GI bleeding means you could have one of the following conditions:

  • Angiodysplasia
  • Benign tumors and cancer
  • Colitis
  • Colon polyps
  • Diverticular disease
  • Esophageal varices
  • Esophagitis
  • Gastritis

White

White stool is highly unusual and often caused by a liver or biliary disease. It can indicate a lack of stomach bile in the stool, necessary to process food. This disease most commonly occurs in babies because their bile ducts become blocked. 

But white stool might be caused by an unusual diet. If you eat a lot of the foods or medications listed below in a short period, it can cause stool to appear a white or light gray:

  • Fatty foods
  • Milk-only diets
  • High dairy diets (yogurt, cream, white cheeses)
  • Barium sulfate from a barium enema
  • Aluminum hydroxide (antacids

Sometimes pale yellow stool can be misconstrued as white stool, so try to identify the color before informing a doctor of your concerns and condition. 

Blue and Purple

Why would your feces be such a strange color like blue or purple? The answer is simple: food coloring. 

Artificial food coloring that people mostly put in baked goods and candies can not be thoroughly processed in your digestive system. So the color makes it through your body, changing the color of your stool. 

But don’t worry, this is normal and not a cause for concern. Cut back on the jolly ranchers and colored frosting if your stool is consistently blue or purple. 

Discussion Comments

anon966263

I have Hereditary Angioedema and just before and during an attack, I will have yellow stools.

Fa5t3r

@indigomoth - I once had a giardia infection and happened to take an iron tablet and it turned my stool an emerald green! I couldn't believe it when I saw it, to be honest, but apparently it happens fairly often to aid workers (since they are likely to come across those combinations of factors).

Yellow, watery diarrhea might not mean anything specific, though, except that you probably aren't getting enough nutrition for whatever reason, which might be sickness and might be something else.

indigomoth

@umbra21 - Other things can cause it as well. If you put enough food coloring into something it will dye everything that comes out of you for a couple of days afterwards, which I found out after I made rainbow milkshakes for my cousins and their parents called mine in a panic after they left.

I think that vitamins can cause changes as well, although I don't know if any of them would specifically cause yellow stool or diarrhea.

I know that taking too much iron can cause your stool to change color and it can also upset your stomach. So, it's possible that something else could change it in other ways.

umbra21

Food can also cause yellow diarrhea. I still remember when I was a child and my friend and I discovered a big bag of cashews in her mother's storage cupboard and ate bowls full of them while we were watching TV.

I suffered for it for the whole next day and my mother was convinced that I had some kind of strange disease because I was producing such strange yellow poop.

She wasn't particularly happy when she found out that my friend had the same symptoms and had told her mother about what we had done. I suppose it was almost lucky that the nuts were punishing me already, since I didn't get punished again for worrying her.

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